Keir Hardie founded the Labour Party and championed the cause of the working class who had been badly governed for many years. But political power in Scotland was vested with the Tory and Liberal Parties for nearly 240 years until the advent of change in the political scene, brought about by an awakening of the working class after WW2.
In the period 1945-1979 Party growth in Scotland was spectacular as factory workers, coal miners, shipyard and steel workers flocked to its banner. In the same period the Party sent many able politicians to Westminster ensuring Scotland’s voice was heard in Parliament.
Scotland became a one Party state as Labour dominated the political scene. In the West of Scotland Labour votes were weighed not counted. In heavily industrialised Lanarkshire it was said that the Party could put up a donkey for election to office and it would win.
But the first past the post voting system of the UK had ensured Scotland would be governed by the Tory Party ( apart from brief periods between 1960-79 when Labour governments were elected but often with small majority’s preventing effective policy delivery.)
The eighties brought twenty years of extreme right-wing government, introduced by Margaret Thatcher ending in 1997 with John Major.
Thatcher (misusing the oil revenue) set about asset stripping Scotland of its industrial base, (transferring it to England and Wales) since Scots refused to embrace her “dog eat dog” society.
Unemployment soared in the West of Scotland and many hundreds of thousands of workers aged over 30 would never work again. A lifetime on the dole, families at the mercy of the welfare state initially a safety net which she soon even denied the children.
Twenty years in the political wilderness was not encouraging for aspiring Labour politicians. The Party in Scotland failed to attract students of politics of the grade it had previously and yet the Labour heartlands of Scotland persisted in voting less able individuals into office believing the alternative to be unpalatable. The capable “old guard” was no more being replaced with incompetent corrupt regimes akin to those in place in Eastern Europe.
The Thatcher years rekindled the fires of desire to be free of a political system that had eclipsed Scotland to it’s detriment. The Scottish National Party (SNP) started to make an impact at local and national level, But not in the West of Scotland which remained in the grip of the “Red Flag.”
In 1997 Tony Blair and Gordon Brown introduced “New Labour” to Britain and inspired the electorate to get rid of a Tory government mired in scandal and corruption. The motto of the party was “things will only get better” and people believed it.
But major policy divisions soon emerged shattering the media hyped illusion of unity and harmony within labour yet the Tory Party was still in disarray and unelectable and the electorate returned New Labour to office in 2001 and 2005.
The world financial crash in 2007-8 sealed the fate of the New Labour government which had proved to be a “basket case” entity controlled by a warmongering elite who took Britain to the gates of hell in just about every aspect of an abuse of the power gifted to them by a gullible electorate.
In Scotland the SNP finally recaptured its purpose under the inspired leadership of Alex Salmond who had heeded the call of its members and returned to Scottish politics replacing the uninspiring John Swinney.
The response was electrifying and Scottish Parliamentary elections delivered an increasing number of MSP’s. Disappointingly the changes in the fortunes of the Party were largely in the the rural areas and in the East of Scotland. The Labour Party maintained it’s dominance over the West of Scotland.
The breakthrough came in 2007 when the SNP was returned by the Scottish electorate as the largest Party but without a majority and no offers of a coalition. Overcoming many obstacles placed in his way by truculent Unionist politicians Alex Salmond formed a minority government which performed admirably and completed a full term in office.
In 2010 many self penned Labour Party men of the people left their offices of state in a state of financial chaos contrasting their own futures which were guaranteed as peers of the realm holding positions of power and influence in big businesses (often linked to their previous employment as ministers). Multi-millionaires one and all and no looking back at the people of Scotland that they had promised to represent faithfully but cynically betrayed.
But lessons had not yet been learned by Scots and in the 2010 Westminster General Election the electorate in the West of Scotland sent a bunch of incompetent Labour MP’s back to Westminster.
The red coloured political mapping in areas such as Motherwell, Hamilton, East Kilbride, Airdrie, Coatbridge, Bellshill and Glasgow stood with the labour Party.
The Scottish electorate was impressed by the competence of the government of the SNP and in 2011 the Party was returned to government with an unprecedented overall majority.
Once more it provided good governance despite the imposition by the UK government of brutal financial austerity cutbacks which destroyed the hopes and aspirations of many thousands of Scots.
The 2014 Independence referendum was lost by a small margin due to the Unionist Party’s joining together with other interested groups to deny Scotland its independence.
But Scottish desire for independence had been reawakened by their near success and the revelations of Unionist skulduggery in the 2014 referendum and the electorate was no longer accepting of mistreatment by Westminster politicians.
The 2015 General Election just 6 months later provided Scots with the opportunity to send a message to politicians in England giving warning that any betrayal of the commitments made by Unionist politicians in the 2014 referendum “Vow” would be unacceptable and in a shot across the bows they sent 56 SNP MP’s to Westminster.
Unionist politicians at Westminster gave the impression that they recognised the new reality and reluctantly granted Scotland increases in the very limited devolution powers it already had in the belief that the measures would bring about the demise of the newly discovered national identity of a nation that had been absorbed by England in 1707 and was only recognised as a country by other nations of the World as a quaint wee place occupied by haggis eating, bagpipe playing, whisky drinking layabouts who existed only with the guarantee of financial handouts by the benign and ever generous English nation.
The Scottish General election in 2016 provided opportunity for the people of Scotland to stand up for their rights and get rid of the corrupt, incompetent, crime ridden Labour controlled councils in the West of Scotland and Aberdeen.
The lack lustre performance of the Party in the course of the campaign provided the Tory Party under the hi-profile leadership of Ruth Davidson with the opportunity to take seats from the labour Party which was in meltdown. Which she duly did. Seats that should have been won by the SNP were lost to the Tory’s.
Nicola Sturgeon indecisive leadership very nearly brought an end to the SNP government but with the help of the Green Party it was returned to government but only after making significant concessions. Hardly inspiring!! and things would get worse.
The 2017 General election was a disappointment for the Party.
The 56 MP’s elected only 18 months before had achieved absolutely nothing at Westminster.
The Unionist dominated House of Commons mocked, ridiculed and contemptuously dismissed the opinions, views and contributions of SNP representatives as irrelevant nonsense at every televised sitting of the House.
The embarrassing spectacle and daily humiliation of Scottish MP’ in the Commons was witnessed by viewers worldwide and many Scots at home and the absence of any decisive leadership action by Nicola Sturgeon was reflected in the loss of 21 MP’s.
In the UK 2019 General election campaign the SNP told Scots it was firmly committed to and would demand the right to another independence referendum if the electorate indicated a desire for it by returning a majority of Scottish MP’s to Westminster.
The SNP subsequently gained a 45% share of the vote winning 48 and claiming second place in the 11 other seats. Nicola Sturgeon told Boris Johnson he had no right to stand in the way of another Scottish independence referendum adding that the overwhelming victory reinforced and strengthened the mandate for another independence referendum.
It is now 2021 and two years on from the General election and there is no indication a second referendum will be held