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many MPs, parliamentary staff and political hangers-on not only work together but socialise, drink, and sleep together too. It is a lifestyle pattern made even easier by cheap alcohol and drugs available in the Palace of Westminster and nearby haunts of Soho.

Parliament drug use claims to be raised with police this week - BBC News

What attraction does UK politics in Westminster hold for aspiring Scottish LGBTQQIAAP politicians?

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Questioning, Intersex, Allies, Asexual and Pansexual members and their staff take up around 35% of the SNP Parliamentary contingent. The SNP has a duty of care to its MP’s and their staff and stories of the abhorrent behaviour of significant numbers of the Westminster establishment must give cause for concern. It is time to bring an end to Scotlands participation in the politics of the madhouse that is Westminster.

London is a cesspit society hosting crime, vice, drugs, sex, politicians, lobbyists and agents of foreign governments of all ages and sex who prey on vulnerable and impressionable politicians new to the metropolitan scene. The churn factor is high with deaths and casualties primarily drug-related or otherwise linked to the hedonistic lifestyle much enjoyed by a financially favoured elite who live much of their lives funded by the taxpayer entering politics direct from university taking up political advisor posts through nepotistic or cronyism arrangements.

Britain’s 900-year-old historic Palace of Westminster, the seat of government, is home to a subculture of booze-fuelled revelling that puts many a university campus to shame. Long accused of inhabiting a “bubble” removed from the outside world, many MPs, parliamentary staff and political hangers-on not only work together but socialise, drink, and sleep together too. It is a lifestyle pattern made even easier by cheap alcohol offered in parliament’s taxpayer-subsidised bars and the nearby haunts of Soho.

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Addicted to Chemsex – a horror Story

An increasing number of gay men are taking part in multi-day, drug-fuelled orgies – despite the health risks. Chemsex is identified as the habit of engaging in weekend-long parties fuelled by sexually disinhibiting drugs, such as crystal meth, GHB, GBL and mephedrone. These parties involve multiple people and are mostly facilitated online. Those involved in the subculture directly link chem sex to alarming rates of HIV infection. In London, four new positive diagnoses are currently made daily linked to the practice of “pozzing up”, knowingly becoming infected with the virus. Meth, meph and G create a potent cocktail enabling extremes of behaviour, which carries significant risks for the sexual and mental health of habitual users.

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Nigel Evans

Conservative MP and former deputy speaker of the House of Commons accused of sex offences

Swansea born Tory MP, Nigel Evans, formerly a vice-chairman of the Conservative Party from 1999 to 2001 was one of three deputy speakers elected in a secret ballot of MPs in 2010. Later that year he came out as gay, saying he was “tired of living a lie”. The MP for Ribble Valley in Lancashire made a personal statement in the House of Commons resigning as deputy speaker of the House of Commons after he was charged with two counts of indecent assault, five of sexual assault and one of rape. He made an appearance in the crown court at Preston.

It was in Westminster environment that Nigel Evans fell into the trap of what his defence barrister called “drunken overfamiliarity” with researchers at the heart of Parliament’s thriving gay scene. “Parliament is a very easy place to be openly gay,” one Westminster researcher said. And there are also MPs who are publicly heterosexual but covertly gay, some of whom make passes at men in parliament. Double standards did not only apply to gay MPs masquerading as straight, but also to senior politicians who were publicly happily married but who had a predatory approach to the young staff of both sexes.

Another researcher reeled off a list of “infamously sleazy” MPs from all parties that women in his social circle actively avoided. “It’s not just the odd remark, it’s the wandering hands as well. Some seem attracted to the power thing or think it’s part of getting on in a party, so it’s definitely not the case that the advances are always unwanted.”

Drinking hangouts spread over to nearby Whitehall pubs and elements of the parliamentary gay scene have expanded into Soho. For researchers, the heart of much of the shenanigans is the cheap booze available at the Sports and Social Club which is home to a rowdy Thursday karaoke night attended by SNP MP’s and staff.

There is also a steady stream of free beer and wine provided by lobbyists at receptions in the Commons and Lords, says one staffer, with the most raucous nights ending up in the nearby Players Bar. He said: “You could have a free drink every night of the week if you wanted to gatecrash all the parties. Many do. You can criticise the researchers for taking advantage, but if you didn’t network with colleagues you’d be dead. It’s part of the job.”

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Barrister Henry Hendron hit with a fine for slagging off Nigel Evans trial witnesses in blog

In a recently-released finding, the Bar Standards Board (BSB) found that Middle Temple member Hendron had: “behaved in a manner which could reasonably be seen by the public to undermine his integrity and diminish the trust and confidence which the public places in the profession”.The regulator slapped Hendron with a £2,000 fine for professional misconduct. Hendron got into hot water for publishing a blog that contained “disparaging statements against witnesses” in the trial heard at Preston Crown Court involving the high-profile case of former Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons, Nigel Evans MP, who was ultimately acquitted of nine counts of sexual offences.

Hendron, a chum of Evans, blogged: “I am a barrister, but I shall not be representing Nigel at court. My involvement is one of providing advice, assistance and support in this difficult time. Criminal law is not really my thing. It doesn’t usually pay for a start. Don’t get me wrong. I have done my share of Crown Court trials, but my practice has, inexplicably, meant that I have tended to represent the well-heeled and the well off in civil and family courts. Most of the complainants’ are known largely as self-serving, with their own political agendas, with a manipulative and selfish streak. A number of them that I know of are connected to each other, and indeed only a week prior to Nigel’s arrest, he was socialising with some of them. In my view, knowing what I know, some of these people are not victims but duplicitous individuals, acting together in a pack like a mentality to bring down a well-respected and well-known politician; I suspect in the fullness of time some of them will waive their right to anonymity to cash in their ‘stories’.”

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Nigel Evans & Henry Hendron

Lawyer Henry Hendron arrested after boyfriend dies of a suspected drugs overdose

A top London lawyer has been arrested on suspicion of manslaughter after his boyfriend died of a suspected drug overdose. Henry Hendron, a 34-year-old civil barrister, was arrested after the sudden death of his boyfriend, 18-year-old Miguel Jimenez.

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alexander Parkin

BBC producer admits supplying ‘meow meow’ after Henry Hendron’s boyfriend died of an overdose.

Alexander Parkin, 40, appeared in the dock together with top barrister Henry Hendron, 35, who denies supplying drugs. Hendron’s boyfriend, waiter Miguel Jimenez, 18, died from an overdose at London’s Temple, the buildings housing the country’s top legal chambers.

Hendron denied two counts of conspiracy to supply controlled drugs and further denied two counts of possession of a controlled drug with intent to supply and two counts of possession of controlled drugs.

BBC executive Alexander Parkin 40 pleaded guilty to two counts of supplying controlled drugs admitting handing out party drug meow meow at the bash where Hendron’s teenage boyfriend died of an overdose. Defending Parkin, his solicitor said: ‘He is 40-years-old, he’s an executive producer at the BBC, he has one caution for possession of Mephedrone – there’s clearly a background to the abuse of narcotics.’

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Celebrity barrister Henry Hendron is spared jail

Hendron, bought £1,000 of Mephedrone and GBL from BBC producer Parkin, to take to parties and sell on to friends. On the morning after yet another orgy, Hendron woke to find his Colombian boyfriend Miguel Jimenez, 18, lying dead next to him in bed at his exclusive flat in London’s Temple, the collection of chambers where Britain’s top lawyers and judges are based.

Hendron’s conviction may mark the end of a glittering career for the Tory lawyer once tipped to lead the party. As a 17-year-old schoolboy Hendron addressed the 1998 Conservative Party conference calling for the re-introduction of corporal punishment. He acted for Tory MP Nadine Dorries when she was accused of smearing a rival during the 2015 election campaign and other clients include the Earl of Cardigan and The Apprentice winner Stella English. He was sentenced to a community order with 18 months of supervision and 140 hours of unpaid work.

Chemsex, drugs and death: The lawyer who lost his lover

Hendron (a high-profile barrister who had represented MPs, aristocrats and reality TV stars) said the couple, would take the drugs together during group sex sessions — called “chem sex”. The drugs, along with crystal meth, are often associated with chem sex due to their ability to induce heightened arousal, sexual stamina, and reduce inhibition. Sex sessions may last anywhere from a few hours to a few days, and Hendron estimates he was spending “anything up to £1,000 a weekend” on drugs.

Up until the age of 30, Hendron, who came from a conservative Catholic family and was earning hundreds of thousands of dollars a year with the prestigious Strand Chambers law firm, had never touched drugs in his life. But after trying them at a private event, he quickly became hooked, engaging in chem sex sessions most weekends. He said they offered an escape from a high-pressure job and he wasn’t alone. “In the London gay chem sex scene, a lot of people that do that are actually doctors,” he said. “They’re professionals, they’re lawyers. “And a lot of them manage to juggle this lifestyle — weekends of drugs — and then they go to work perhaps a bit worn on Monday, but they manage.”

Apparently, learning nothing from the death of his young boyfriend Henndron later embarked on a series of chem sex binges that at one point saw him overdose on GHB and end up in intensive care.

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Why didn’t BBC mention its drug dealing executive Parkin in the ‘chem sex’ story?

The BBC came under fire for interviewing celebrity barrister Henry Hendron who supplied the drugs that killed his teenage boyfriend, and not mentioning that he bought them from one of its executives. Hendron was given a key interview slot on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme. But despite an extended interview and a follow-up piece on ‘chem sex’ drug use in the gay community, there was no mention of the fact that BBC executive producer Alexander Parkin had sold the lawyer £1,000 worth of designer drugs. In the programme, Hendron described his arrest as ‘traumatic’ and saying he had been “treated like a criminal” admitted supplying the drugs that killed Mr Jimenez. He had bought £1,000 of designer drugs from Parkin, 41, to sell on to revellers at a ‘chem sex’ party at his flat at his legal chambers. The ‘chem sex’ phenomenon sweeping the gay community, involves participants taking drugs for up to a week at a time and having sex with multiple partners.

A spokesman for Mediawatch UK commented: “Listeners could have been forgiven for getting confused as they heard a man who has pleaded guilty to supplying drugs that killed his teenage boyfriend that was originally supplied by a BBC producer describing his illegal drug use as a “nice experience” and saying how upset he was at being treated as a criminal. There’s certainly a judgment issue to be looked at here it’s one thing raising awareness of the effects of drug use, quite another to be giving a platform at breakfast time to a drug dealer who should be facing prison.”

Chem-Sex: Europe’s Synthetic Madness

http://www.pinknews.co.uk/2015/01/24/lawyer-arrested-after-boyfriend-dies-of-suspected-drugs-overdose/
http://www.legalcheek.com/2014/11/barrister-hit-with-2000-fine-for-slagging-off-mp-trial-witnesses-in-blog/
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2014/apr/10/nigel-evans-alcohol-drinking-westminster
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/nov/22/addicted-to-chemsex-gay-drugs-film
http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/conservative-mp-nigel-evans-appear-6137433
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3483923/BBC-executive-producer-supplied-meow-meow-drugs-death-party.html
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3580931/Celebrity-lawyer-bought-designer-chemsex-drugs-BBC-producer-killed-teenage-boyfriend-spared-jail.html
http://udonews.com/chemsex-drugs-death-lawyer-lost-lover
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3529256/Why-didn-t-BBC-mention-drug-dealing-executive-chemsex-story-Corporation-fire-interview-barrister-supplied-drugs-killed-boyfriend.html

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Sleaze, secrecy and a complete lack of transparency have been the hallmarks of the SNP government whose leadership of narcissistic sociopaths have gathered unfettered power to the centre.

Scottish government turning to more private money for public projects |  Scotland | The Guardian

The increasing profile of hedge funds in the Scottish property market

PineBridge Investments is a private, global asset manager with $150.0 billion in assets under management. It draws its success from decades of investment across a number of asset classes operating through a network of global offices with talented and highly rated investment teams and a world-class infrastructure. Clients include pension plans, insurance companies, official institutions, private banks, advisors and intermediaries.

PineBridge Benson Elliot, owned by Pinebridge Investments, is a UK-based, FCA-regulated fund manager with $3.2 billion of managed equity and holds a diversified real estate portfolio, currently comprised of office, retail, hotel and residential assets in the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Belgium and Central Europe.

Sigma Capital Group, owned by Pinebridge Benson Elliot is an Edinburgh-based residential development and urban regeneration specialist with a value of £188.4 million. Having delivered 5,400 homes to date it is investing heavily into the UK private rental sector with the intention of growing the business through the formation of new long term house builder partnerships, expanding additional capital towards new Private Rent Supply (PRS) opportunities into new regional markets further widening its rental product offering.

Comment: The SNP government has invested in excess of £2Bn into the private sector building industry. Hedge funds based offshore are gaining control of the build and rent and affordable house purchase and rental housing market through their subsidiary companies and this cannot be good for Scotland since profits are being siphoned off into offshore accounts and effective controls are impossible to sustain.

Agent P🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🇬🇧 on Twitter: "WOW! Another secret Sturgeon  meeting. A blank page in Sturgeon's diary. A property company donates £100K  to the SNP. Same property company gets awarded a £650m contract. Why

About Springfield Properties

The Elgin-based company which became housing developer Springfield Properties was founded as a market garden in 1956. By the late 1970s, the company retained just 10 acres, all of which had been zoned for housing. But in 1989 having failed to sell the land to a developer, the company was turned into a housebuilding business and built around 100 houses. The success provided finance allowing the purchase of 130 plots of land in Forres on which it built houses. The venture was profitable and by the mid-2000s it was turning over about £20m.

2006-2008 brought a bubble in the housing market. The company sold around a third of its landbank and moved its operations to build affordable housing taking on much-reduced risk. This protected the company from the property market crash and the upturn in the market saw it in a strong position, with no bank loans, and a contract for a 438 house development in Morayshire. The change also provided the opportunity to expand operations into Central Scotland where there were many unfinished blocks of flats where developments had gone into liquidation. In 2011 the company cemented its place in Central Scotland when it acquired the Scottish business of listed builder Redrow. This allowed the company to continue its growth pushing past the £100m mark in the year ending March 2017.

The company built 75 family rental homes (rental value around £0.85m per annum) for Sigma Capital Group, the residential development and urban regeneration specialist. The site was the first development of single-family homes for the private rented sector in Scotland and is part of a substantial, new standalone village development of around 3,000 homes already well underway by Springfield at Bertha Park, outside Perth on the Ruthvenfield Road and marks the launch of Sigma’s rental brand, “Simple Life” in Scotland.

Anger as £650m contract for SNP donor approved after Nicola Sturgeon  meeting she failed to declare - Daily Record

Springfield Properties New villages/towns

The company formed partnerships with local councils committing it to the creation of 5 new villages in Dundee, Edinburgh, Perth, Elgin and Stirling with an expected population of around 3,000 each. They are at various stages of planning and/or building at the start of 2022.

Perth and Kinross Council approved the construction of 75 houses for families to rent privately. Bertha Park Village also includes a convenience store, play park and secondary school and was the Scottish housebuilding company’s first development under a private rental sector partnership, which it entered into with Sigma Capital in September last year.

Springfield said the development of the PRS housing will provide it with a further revenue stream, strong cash flow visibility and will increase the build-out rate of its villages. Chief Executive Innes Smith said: “These high-quality, professionally-managed homes will be an asset to the community and attract those who might not yet be ready to buy but want to benefit from everything our villages have to offer. The development of PRS housing will also further diversify our revenue streams and provide additional visibility over future sales.”

Springfield Properties recently received consent to build a 3,042-home village over 20 years at Durieshill, Stirling. The project will create an entirely new community served by a range of amenities such as shops, a play park and a library, answering some of the concerns expressed in a recent survey on what homebuyers want from new developments. It is Springfield’s largest development to receive planning permission and management believes it is one of the biggest to have been approved in Scotland. The new village is less than a mile south of Stirling and covers an area of 593 acres. With a gross development value of approximately £650 million

The new Elgin South Village proposed by Springfield Properties has been approved by Moray Council and the build of the first 870 new homes, two new schools and the state of the art Moray Sports Centre was approved. With ample green space, communal areas and the option for retail units, the plans will transform the south side of Elgin and are part of a wider 2,500 home masterplan. Springfield Properties worked closely with the Council to design the new village covering 204 hectares – roughly the size of 167 football pitches. The first phase will also help Moray Council meet affordable housing targets with 220 allocated for social housing.

Nicola Sturgeon proves that when you're hot, you're hot | Marina Hyde | The  Guardian

3 Oct 2015: Fraud probe MP in a row over cronyism

Mortgage fraud probe MP Michelle Thomson was at the centre of a cronyism row after it emerged she accepted a £5,000 donation from property developer Springfield Properties. She then endorsed the company in an election leaflet while photographed alongside its chairman, Alexander Adam. He and his company have given the SNP and pro-independence campaign nearly £100,000 in the past three years. Over the same period, Springfield Properties received a government loan of nearly £1million and was selected to take part in a lucrative construction scheme whereby mortgages for new-build houses are guaranteed by the Scottish Government. Nicola Sturgeon distanced herself from the matter.

Coronavirus in Scotland: Nicola Sturgeon forced to defend decision to ban  construction | Scotland | The Times

31 Jan 2016: Major SNP donor at the centre of tax haven row

Sandy Adam, who has given nearly £100,000 to the SNP through his companies and private wealth is a major shareholder in five companies: Springfield Commercial Investments Ltd, Heather ltd, Carnoustie Limited, Portobello Apartments Limited and Flower of Scotland Limited. all are registered in the Isle of Man tax haven which provides an appealing way for international business people to legitimately minimise their international tax liabilities. It is a secure and stable offshore jurisdiction, with strong confidentiality laws and an attractive tax regime. Companies registered in the Isle of Man do not have to file accounts for the public record.

Springfield Commercial Investments Ltd, set up in 2010 owns properties across Scotland, including parts of the Winston Barracks estate in Lanark, South Lanarkshire. It also has properties in Newton Stewart, Dumfries and Galloway, and Edinburgh. In 2012 the company bought 2 sections of Aberdeen’s main shopping thoroughfare, Union Street, for around £1m. The Isle of Man is one of 38 jurisdictions that were ordered to clean up their tax affairs by the Operation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

At present, the use of offshore companies as vehicles for property ownership and development is not illegal. However, the Scottish Greens pressed for it to be restricted to companies registered in the EU in a bid to exclude tax havens, such as the Isle of Man, and improve transparency. A proposal thrown out by SNP Land Reform Minister Aileen McLeod.

Nicola Sturgeon has described tax avoidance as “obscene, immoral and downright wrong” amid a growing row over offshore firms and her MPs have criticised the so-called “sweetheart” deal between Google and the UK Government, which will see it pay just £130 million to cover a decade of back taxes.

Speaking about the agreement last week the party’s deputy leader, Stewart Hosie, said: “Working people and small businesses do not have the luxury of negotiating down the amount of tax they have to pay.”

The foregoing disclosures became public knowledge an inconvenient few weeks after SNP MP Phil Boswell was accused of using a tax loophole for his own benefit while demanding a clampdown on tax dodgers. Lib Dem peer Jeremy Purvis accused the SNP of double standards over the issue saying: “Cracking down on tax avoidance was a major plank of the SNP’s 2015 manifesto. But Boswell’s admission that he used a tax avoidance scheme passed without comment from the First Minister whose response to this issue has been very weak.”

Note: Springfield Commercial Investments operates only in the rental sector.

Nicola Sturgeon says Scotland's economy on 'right trajectory' despite £13.4  billion debt - Daily Record

4 Apr 2021: Planning application approved after Nicola Sturgeon meeting she failed to declare

In Dec 2019 the £650m planning application to construct the 3000-home Durieshill village in Stirlingshire was approved after a meeting between Senior Springfield staff and Nicola Sturgeon which she failed to declare. Senior Springfield staff also lobbied the First Minister in Perth in January 2019 but there is no mention of the talks in her official diary. And several other appointments between Springfield and senior SNP ministers were also not recorded.
This despite the Holyrood code of conduct stating: “Private Offices should arrange for the basic facts of formal meetings between ministers and outside interest groups to be recorded, setting out the reasons for the meeting, the names of those attending and the interests represented.” Sturgeon was previously accused of cronyism in 2015 after announcing an overhaul of the planning system following a campaign by multi-millionaire Adam.

On the day of Sturgeon’s January 2019 meeting with Springfield, her diary simply states: “Announcement, Cities Deal – Perth.” which was a reference to the wider public event she attended in the town where the discussions took place. Springfield made clarified in its submission to the lobbying register that managing director Peter Matthews had held a “face-to-face meeting” with Sturgeon.

Former finance minister Derek Mackay was also lobbied by Adam in July 2018. While the businessman recorded the meeting in Holyrood’s lobbying register, the talks did not appear in Mackay’s own diary. Senior Springfield employees also met Housing Minister Kevin Stewart twice in 2019 but the firm wasn’t mentioned on either occasion in his records.

It has been discovered that SNP ministers intervened or planned to intervene to overturn seven local authority planning decisions since 2014 which went against Springfield, involving more than 400 houses.

Labour MSP Neil Findlay whose research staff uncovered the undocumented meetings said: “There are serious questions to be asked with reference to the ministerial code. This smacks of cronyism. A large-scale SNP donor meets with the First Minister and other cabinet members but none of it is registered in their ministerial diaries. All of this is against a backdrop of the social housing budget being cut by £100million.”

In 2016 Springfield also received approval for a 3000-home development at Bertha Park in Perth in 2015 after Adam lobbied Sturgeon to reform the planning system which he said was blocking housing development. Her response was to pledge a “root and branch review”.

Is this the best Private Eye lookalike EVER? | Metro News

2 Jul 2021 unrecorded meetings expose a culture of sleaze within the SNP government

Investigative journal the Ferret reported that “hundreds” of meetings were undertaken by Scottish Government officials, but were not reported to the register. The journal analysed Scottish ministers’ engagements in 2020 and found some met with companies awarded contracts to supply the NHS during the coronavirus pandemic. It also noted lobbyists met with Scottish Government representatives 179 times since March 2018. The Scottish Government insisted it was “committed to transparency”, adding that “all ministerial engagements are recorded and published, including meetings held via phone calls”.

Neil Bibby, Scottish Labour business manager, on 4 February 2020, in the lobby of the Scottish Parliament, said: “These reports raise serious questions about whether Scotland’s lobbying laws are fit for purpose. With countless key meetings going unrecorded, it is clear that the SNP are exploiting loopholes to avoid scrutiny. These shameless attempts to undermine the spirit of the lobbying act are all too typical from a government constantly avoiding any and all transparency. The laws need to be looked at, but legislation can only do so much as long as there is this culture of sleaze and secrecy at the heart of the SNP.”

Comment: Sleaze, secrecy and complete lack of transparency have been the hallmarks of the SNP government whose leadership of narcissistic sociopaths have gathered unfettered power to the centre.

Note: Content gathered from the Scottish press media

Springfield Properties deal completion | Project Scotland
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SNP government considering energy u-turn to back nuclear fusion plan

Nuclear Fusion Definition: Lesson for Kids | Study.com

21 Jan 2022: Holyrood considers energy u-turn to back fusion plan

The SNP government resistance to nuclear energy could be relaxed in order to support a proposed fusion energy plant for the west coast of Scotland. The 100-hectare site on the Ardeer peninsula is Scotland’s biggest brownfield site and is one of five locations across the UK being considered for the multi-billion pound project that would create clean carbon-free energy and a ‘significant’ number of jobs.

Responding to questions media about Scottish Government support for the project Catriona McAuley, head of economic development and regeneration at North Ayrshire Council said: “The SNP government is reviewing their energy policy and I would like to think the conversations we are having now will certainly be informing that refresh of Scottish government energy policy. They are obviously very interested in the work we are doing and want to be kept informed.”

Joe Cullinane, Labour leader of North Ayrshire Council, added that discussions were taking place with members of other local authorities. “Some of these are SNP council leaders which I think is a significant point in terms of cross-party political support and another point which could be a big advantage for Ardeer if the Scottish government energy review does come out in favour of fusion energy is that the other four sites are in England so the Ardeer site is the only one that has a devolved government as well. With the support of the devolved government as well as the UK government you could bring additional resources to the table. So it would very advantageous to Ardeer and the Scottish economy if we were able to secure support from the Scottish government for fusion energy through that energy review.”

Leon Flexman, the strategic adviser to the UK Atomic Energy Authority’s programme, said one site will be recommended to the UK Business and Energy Secretary in the spring of 2022 with expectations that it will be announced at the end of the year. He said the intention is to take the project from the laboratory stage to a commercial prototype.

A rare partnership of four universities and a number of further education colleges are providing support to the Ardeer team.

(https://dailybusinessgroup.co.uk/2022/01/holyrood-ministers-may-back-ayrshire-fusion-plan/)

C.3 Nuclear fusion (SL) - YouTube

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Top Tory Minister and possible future Party leader Lucy Fraser reminded Scotland about what happened to rebellious Scots after the Battle of Dunbar

Brexit news: Lucy Frazer hints at 11th hour as Boris Johnson dials up  pressure on EU | UK | News | Express.co.uk

Controversial Jewish Conservative Party politician Lucy Fraser

Born and raised in Leeds, Yorkshire Lucy is descended from Russian Jewish immigrants who settled in Leeds around 1898. Her father, Colin Peter Frazer, was a partner in a collapsed Leeds legal firm Fox Hayes.

Lucy was educated at Leeds Girls’ High School, an independent school in Headingley, a suburb of the City of Leeds followed by Newnham College, Cambridge, where she was President of the Cambridge Union.

She worked as a barrister in commercial law specialising in major insolvency and restructuring cases and went on to become a QC in 2013 at the age of forty.

She is married to millionaire businessman, David Bernard Leigh, (Levy?)

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2021: Lucy Frazer appointed Solicitor-General by Boris Johnson

She has also been admitted to Privy Council having been approved by the Queen. As Solicitor General, she oversees the work of the law officers’ departments which include the Crown Prosecution Service and Serious Fraud Office, and the Government Legal Department and HM Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate. She also carries out a number of functions in the public interest, such as considering unduly lenient sentences, and taking action when there has been a contempt of court. Frazer was previously a Minister of State at the Ministry of Justice, from July 25, 2019, to March 2, 2021.  

Nothing remarkable so far but this is the lady that echos Boris Johnson’s dismissal of Scots as a nation of numbnuts sponging off the success of England.

In her 2015 maiden speech in the Commons, she praised Oliver Cromwell, who was born in her constituency for his treatment of the defeated Scots after the “Battle of Dunbar” when he despatched over 5,000 captive soldiers into slavery.

Amid much laughter on the Tory benches, she went on to offer her colleagues a view that the answer to the “West Lothian Question”, might be to follow Cromwell’s lead and banish troublesome Scots to the colonies as slaves.

The speaker added insult to injury when he refused to intervene stating that she was free to say anything that she wished to in Parliament. A decision that needed to be set against his rebuke of Scottish MP’s only a few days before when he told them that “clapping” was not allowed in the Commons.

Clarification by him of one of the unwritten rules of the game for Scottish members of parliament. Incredible that the rules of the Commons accept the proposal that troublesome Scots MP’s should be clapped in irons to be sold as slaves and shipped to the colonies, but Honourable Members must not support the proposal by clapping. Dismissing the banality of her speech might have been possible to dismiss and the disgraceful conduct of her colleagues had her comments been off the cuff but they had been carefully crafted, written and well-rehearsed beforehand indicating complicity revealing the patronising ambivalent attitude of Unionist MP’s towards Scots.

https://twitter.com/i/status/1270287770280497152
That she felt able to make fun of so many young Scots, murdered and enslaved in one of many Holocausts inflicted by the English on Scotland over many centuries is even more sickening when her own family background is revealed

Scotianostra — On this day in 1650, Cromwell defeated the Scots...

Cromwell Invades Scotland

Charles I was executed in January 1649 following the defeat of the Royalists in the final battle of the English Civil War.

The victor, Oliver Cromwell declared the establishment of the Commonwealth of England then took his “New Model Army” over to Ireland and quelled uprisings in a series of victories over Irish Royalist supporters forcing Charles II to abandon plans to use Ireland as a military base to win back the throne of England.

Charles turned his attention to Scotland, taking advantage of Scottish outrage at the presumption of the English Parliament in executing Charles I, who had been King of Scotland as well as England.

Negotiations between Charles and a delegation from the Scottish government opened in the Netherlands in March 1650 which resulted in the signing of the “Treaty of Breda” in May and Charles’ arrival in Scotland in June 1650, where he was proclaimed King Charles II of Scotland.

The Commonwealth Council of State in London was alarmed when the treaty was signed and resolved to mount an immediate invasion of Scotland to forestall the possibility of a Scottish attack on England and launched a pre-emptive invasion of Scotland.

Cromwell,s battle-seasoned army comprised seven regiments of horse, nine of foot and six companies of dragoons, numbering around 15,000 men in total.

Marching north via York, Durham and Newcastle, Cromwell mustered his forces at Berwick-on-Tweed on 19 July 1650 and crossed the border on 22 July 1650. Crucially, his army was supported by a large supply fleet, which landed at Dunbar a few days before the battle.

The Scottish Parliament had only belatedly become aware of English preparations for an invasion and on 25 June 1650 ordered that a new force comprising around 10,000 infantry and 3,000 cavalry be recruited and trained to reinforce the only force in existence in Scotland the 1500 strong mainly infantry “Army of the Covenant”.

The ageing Earl of Leven took overall command assisted by his son Lieutenant-General David Leslie, who, reporting to a Kirk commission headed by Sir Archibald Johnston, undertook day to day control of the Scottish army.

The interfering commissioners insisted that drill or military operations should not be carried out on the Sabbath and attempted to purge the army of all Engagers and potential Royalist (catholic) supporters and, as the campaign developed, they countermanded military decisions regarding strategy and tactics.

The summer of 1650 was extremely cold and wet and the Scottish army, (largely comprised of raw recruits aged between 12-18) was still mustering when Cromwell crossed the border from Berwick.

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Buying time to train his young recruits Lord Leven directed the construction of an extensive line of earthworks between Edinburgh and Leith allowing the Scottish army to take up an impregnable defensive position and ordered the destruction of crops and the removal of livestock between Edinburgh and the border so that Cromwell’s army would have to ship all its supplies from England.

The English army advanced to within a few miles of Edinburgh but Cromwell realised that the Scottish lines of defence were too strong to risk a direct assault and retreated to the port of Dunbar so that he could occupy its sheltered harbour, securing a sea route for supplies. Then, under cover of his warships bombarding Leith, he deployed his troops in battle order in an attempt to draw the Scottish army out into the open.

The Covenanter committee was keen to attack the English force but seasoned soldier Lord Leven was equally determined to avoid a pitched battle with his inexperienced army and stayed stubbornly dug in behind the defences.

It rained heavily all week and Cromwell harassed by Scottish Lancers was forced to withdraw, first to Musselburgh then to Dunbar for shelter.

His army was exhausted, many were sick from cold and flu and food rationing was severe since the supply ships had given priority to the carriage of munitions rather than food and a stand-off lasted throughout August. In that period the Scottish army was increased swelling to around 20,000.

General Leslie seized the opportunity and moved his force around Cromwell’s flank cutting off his escape route south to Berwick forcing Cromwell’s “New Model Army” to respond.

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On 1 September 1650, Leslie took up a commanding position overlooking the English encampment at Dunbar.

Trapped between the sea on one side, the Covenanters’ impregnable position on the other, and with the road back to England blockaded, it seemed that Cromwell had no option but to attempt to evacuate his troops by sea.

But on the morning of 2 September, the 1500 Covenanters who had little shelter from wind and heavy rain on the exposed hilltop of their defensive position on Doon Hill played into Cromwell’s hands by marching down from its commanding heights to attack the English army on level ground. An act of folly ascribed to the godly committee that claimed control over the force.

The Covenanter force formed an arc aligned with the course of the Broxburn stream, with the coast on the right flank. To the left of the Scottish position, the Broxburn passed through a deep ravine and on the right, towards the coast, the ground levelled out and the stream was crossed by the road from Dunbar to Berwick.

In response, Cromwell brought his army forward from Dunbar to form a battle line on the northern side of the Broxburn. Skirmishing broke out during the late afternoon of 2 September when an advance guard of English lancers moved forward to cover the manoeuvring of the English force but by nightfall, the road to Berwick was successfully blocked leaving Cromwell with a choice of evacuating his army by sea or forcing a way through the Scottish blockade to escape South.

But Cromwell choose to fight and at a council of war, that evening decided on an all-out assault on the Scottish right flank early the next morning with the objective of turning the flank and disrupting the whole position by driving the Scots into a constricted centre.

During the night, while the Scots rested uncomfortably in rain-soaked fields, Cromwell used the darkness and heavy rain to cover the redeployment of his army which took up a new battle line across the Berwick Road the vanguard of which comprised six cavalry regiments comprising 9,000 and an infantry brigade of around 2,000. The vanguard was supported by two more infantry brigades of around 2,500 each.

Cromwell’s own regiment of horse was held in reserve, brigaded with two companies of dragoons whilst the remaining dragoons mounted guard along the edge of the Broxburn to cover the English artillery, which was deployed on rising ground overlooking the Scottish left-flank.

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The Battle of Dunbar

The disposition of the Scottish army is not exactly known, but most of the cavalry numbering around 2,500 troopers was stationed on the right flank between the Berwick road and the coast, facing the 16,000 strong English vanguards. Another cavalry force, numbering around 1,500 was stationed on the left flank and between the wings of cavalry, there were five brigades of infantry numbering around 10,000 in total.

Fighting began at around four o’clock on the morning of 3 September 1650 when the English vanguard, advanced in force and secured the crossing of the Broxburn stream on the Scottish right flank.

Scottish pickets raised the alarm but being heavily outnumbered they were driven back. An English infantry brigade then advanced to support the cavalry and a fierce firefight and artillery exchange ensued. After nearly an hour, both sides stopped firing and waited for the first light, which was about 5.30 a.m.

Overall command of the Scottish force was compromised by the absence of a significant number of senior officers who had left their units during the night to seek shelter from the foul weather with result that the Scottish army had not fully regrouped by the time the English attack resumed at first light.

The attack, spearheaded by a cavalry regiment advanced swiftly across the Broxburn and routed the first line of the Scottish Lancers on the Scottish right flank but the second line of Scottish Lancers fought back and forced the English cavalry to retreat back across the stream.

Meantime an English infantry vanguard of 3,000 advanced across the Broxburn stream and attacked a Scottish brigade of 2,000 made up almost entirely of raw recruits on the extreme right of the Scottish infantry line which buckled but a second brigade first halted the English advance then forced it to retreat back across the stream.

Denied an early breakthrough Cromwell ordered another infantry brigade into action in support of his retreating infantry force reversing the fall-back forcing a push of pike battle on the Scots.

He then deployed two regiments of cavalry 3,000 to attack the Scottish cavalry which had been reduced in strength to around 1,000 through the earlier attrition. Heavily outnumbered the Scottish cavalry was put to flight exposing the Scottish infantry on the right flank. Cromwell was quick to act and sensing victory ordered his Regiment of Horse into battle attacking the exposed Scottish right flank forcing the Scottish infantry to fight on two fronts pushing them to merge with the forces to their left reducing their ability to manoeuvre effectively.

After a desperate battle lasting two hours, the heavily outnumbered Scots on the right flank were forced to fight a protracted withdrawal eventually conceding defeat in the village of Haddington. Scots forces on the left flank abandoned the battle and escaped to the North. Cromwell’s forces then ruthlessly ransacked Edinburgh and other Scottish towns and cities and established control of the country south of the Highlands.

Scottish Prisoners of War Society

The Aftermath

The battle left nearly 5,000 Scots dead.

6,000 Scottish soldiers aged between 13 and 25 were taken, prisoner. Of these about 1,000 sick and wounded were released to go home.

The remaining 5,000 battle-weary Scottish prisoners were forced to march 118 miles over 8 days South to the English city of Durham the first 28-mile stage to Berwick being undertaken non-stop through the night. Around 1,000 prisoners died en route to Durham from a combination of hunger, exhaustion and dysentery. Others were executed but a few escaped.

Around 3,000 Scottish soldiers were imprisoned in Durham Cathedral and Castle unoccupied since worship had been suppressed by order of Cromwell.

The conditions in which the Scottish prisoners of war were imprisoned were appalling. Records provide evidence that prisoners died at an average of 30 a day between 11 September and 31 October a figure greatly increased to around 100 a day when food and water were withheld leading to the rapid spread of disease and infection. In total, a further 1,700 prisoners died and their bodies were thrown into pits dug by the prisoners in and around Durham Cathedral and castle.

Of the 5,000 men who started the march from Dunbar, only 1300 were still alive less than two months later. Nine hundred were subsequently sold as slaves and transported to the New World, mainly Virginia, Massachusetts and the Barbados colony in the Caribbean.

500 elected to fight with the French army against the Spanish. They were still fighting seven years later and many did not return to Scotland.

There is no memorial to the unknown Scottish soldiers who died terrible deaths at the hands of their English captors in Durham Cathedral or Castle. They lie in anonymity and without Christian burial on foreign soil in the place they were imprisoned, far from their homes and the graves of their loved ones.

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Barbados descendants of Scottish soldiers sold as slaves after the Battle of Dunbar

Remains of Scottish soldiers uncovered at Durham Cathedral

Skeletons of Scottish prisoners of war, from the Battle of Dunbar and brutally murdered by Cromwell’s soldiers were discovered in a mass grave close to Durham cathedral. The burials were clearly a military operation since the dead bodies had been dumped without ceremony into two open pits over a number of days.

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Skeletons of Scottish prisoners of war following the Battle of Dunbar murdered by English soldiers in Durham

https://wildernessofpeace.wordpress.com/2015/06/05/uppity-jocks-cant-you-take-a-joke/

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3219504/Skeletons-mass-grave-belong-Scottish-prisoners-war-Durham-remains-belong-17th-century-defeated-Royalists.html

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-tyne-34116842

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Skeletons of Scottish prisoners of war from the battle of Dunbar murdered by the English in Durham
The Battle of Dunbar (Anders Dernback)
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A closer look at the career such as it is of the author and sometime politician Angus Robertson

Angus Robertson steps down as SNP deputy leader | Scottish National party  (SNP) | The Guardian

Angus Struan Carolus Robertson:

He was born in Wimbledon, London, on 28 September 1969 and raised in Edinburgh. Educated at Broughton High School, Edinburgh he completed his education at the University of Aberdeen, from which he graduated in 1991 with an MA Honours degree in politics and international relations. After university, he embarked on a journalistic career and worked as a foreign and diplomatic correspondent in Central Europe for the BBC World Service. Outside politics he is a music fan and particularly likes Metallica and Belle and Sebastian. He is a supporter of the Heart of Midlothian football team.

Political Career: Robertson was first elected to the UK House of Commons in June 2001, representing the Moray constituency.

He was a member of the European Scrutiny Committee from 2001 to 2010 and served as the SNP’s spokesman on Defence and International Relations.

In May 2007, he became SNP Leader in the House of Commons.

Following the 2015 general election and the election of ex Party leader, Alex Salmond as MP for Gordon it was confirmed he would continue in his role as leader of the SNP in the Commons.

He was appointed to the Privy Council in 2015 and joined the Intelligence and Security Committee of Parliament.

Ahead of the 2015 General Election, he had the SNP pass a code of conduct that stated any MP must, “accept that no member shall within or outwith the parliament publicly criticise a group decision, policy or another member of the group”. Rival parties labelled it a “Stalinist” crackdown on free speech and independent thought.

He lost his Westminster seat in the 2016 General election and resigned as a Depute Leader of the SNP then established Progress Scotland, a pro-independence think-tank. On 13 October 2016, he was elected Deputy Leader of the SNP and resigned from the post in February 2018.

In February 2020, he announced his intention to contest the Edinburgh Central constituency in the 2021 Scottish Parliament election. He won the seat and was appointed Cabinet Secretary for the Constitution, External Affairs and Culture by First Minister Nicola Sturgeon.

Angus Robertson: why Labour should work with the SNP - Prospect Magazine

2014: Robertson misses the Bedroom Tax vote

Robertson and three of his SNP colleagues missed a vote on repealing the bedroom tax, despite the SNP making opposition to the policy a central part of its campaign for a yes vote in that year’s independence referendum. Labour said: “Far from standing up for Scotland, the SNP have stayed at home and let Scotland down.”

Warning that Angus Robertson v Joanna Cherry may be 'acrimonious' | The  National

Feb 2017: SNP Westminster leader Robertson dragged into a political lobbying row

The row raised questions about transparency and cronyism, after his wife Jennifer’s new PR company boasted it had “one of the best little black books in Scotland”.

The claim was made by Elgin-based communications firm Spey, which was set up by Robertson’s wife and former SNP councillor Alex MacLeod.

On the Inverness Chamber of Commerce website, Spey is described as a “progressive full-service communications agency”. Adding: “Spey prides itself on having one of the best little black books in Scotland.”

Spey is the trading name of Baxter-Robertson of Speyside Ltd. Jennifer, and MacLeod, are registered as 50-50 partners in the company, which was incorporated in September 2017.

Mr MacLeod became a councillor in Caithness at 19 but later pled guilty to charges related to election expenses, after spending triple the campaign limit. He resigned from the SNP and was sentenced to 160 hours of community service.

File:Angus Robertson Conference.jpg - Wikipedia

14 Feb 2017: How the Israel lobby influences British politics

A now disgraced senior diplomat at the Israeli embassy in London spent several hours courting the Scottish National Party’s deputy leader ahead of his official trip to Israel, raising further questions over Israel’s interference in British politics.

In undercover footage recorded as part of Al Jazeera’s investigation “The Lobby”, Shai Masot, a senior political officer at the embassy who was forced to quit after the film exposed his attempts to manipulate British politics is seen boasting of his relationship with Angus Robertson to an undercover reporter “Robin Harrow” (alias).

Maria Strizzolo, a British civil servant was with Masot when he said to Robin “I spent many hours with Angus. I think nine hours in total, sitting around inside the embassy. We had a lot of meetings and he told us many stories. He feels really close to the Jewish people and he has a great trip to Israel lined up”.

Over dinner at a Kensington brasserie, Masot recounted a story told to him by Robertson about his German grandfather who was a politician in the Reichstag and was persecuted by the Nazis. Following his arrest, his grandfather’s birth certificate was changed identifying him as Jewish making him de facto an enemy of the state.

Masot went on to relate another Robertson story from Scotland’s history of a 14th-century manuscript that laid claim to the Scottish nation by declaring that the Scots were in fact one of the lost tribes of Israel. “Mmm … I love Angus,” Masot stated, apparently keen to let his companions know that Robertson was someone Israel could work with at a political level.

Strizzolo, an activist with the Conservative Friends of Israel parliamentary group, was also won over by Robertson. “I actually really like him,” she said. Full story and video here:(https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/2/14/shai-masot-courted-snps-angus-robertson-ahead-of-trip)

Angus Robertson | The Scotsman

May 2017: Robertson breaks his promise to donate London house sale profit to charity

The SNP deputy chief, faced calls to return any profit to the public purse or to donate it to good causes as he originally pledged.

He bought a “small” flat in the London Borough of Lambeth in February 2006 for £227,500 and designated it as his second home under the former rules for MPs’ expenses and went on to claim almost £60,000 in mortgage interest, £4,000 in stamp duty and legal fees and around £16,000 for repairs and furnishings, including a £2,300 leather sofa bed, a £400 home cinema, an espresso maker, Sabatier knives and a £20 corkscrew.

When the expenses scandal broke in 2009, he was embarrassed by the revelations and responded by telling the Northern Scot newspaper in May 2009. “I will not personally profit from capital gains accrued while mortgage interest was paid for with taxpayers’ money. The public purse will be reimbursed through full capital gains tax payments, with any remaining capital gains returned to the parliamentary authorities or to good causes in my constituency.” with an undertaking to repay any profit he made from the sale of the flat.

In December 2013, the property was sold for £309,950, leaving Robertson with a gain of £82,450. After paying capital gains tax of approximately £17,000, he would have been left with a net profit of more than £60,000.

A spokesman for Robertson appeared to suggest the profit from the sale of the flat had been swallowed up by the costs of his divorce from his first wife, Carron. Last year he married Alex Salmond’s former aide Jennifer Dempsie, whose own career in politics was derailed by the row over a Scottish Government grant to the T In The Park music festival.

Angus Robertson returns to frontline politics with key role in Scottish  Cabinet | Bradford Telegraph and Argus

2019: Edinburgh Central Controversy

Ahead of the selection contest for the seat of Edinburgh Central, the SNP National Executive Committee announced that any MP chosen as a candidate for Holyrood would be obliged to resign from Westminster ahead of the election to the Scottish Parliament.

Some considered the rule change a deliberate “stitch-up” by Nicola Sturgeon to stop MP Joanna Cherry, a critic of the party leadership, from winning the party’s nomination for the seat and to boost Robertson’s candidacy. Cherry dropped out of the contest, citing an unwillingness to make her staff unemployed and Robertson won the party’s nomination and the seat.

Angus Robertson: Westminster politicians are trying to buy time to stop  Scottish independence

2020: A Scottish Parliamentary inquiry

The inquiry was set up to: “To consider and report on the actions of the First Minister, Scottish Government officials and special advisers in dealing with complaints about Alex Salmond, former First Minister, considered under the Scottish Government’s “Handling of harassment complaints involving current or former ministers and procedure and actions in relation to the Scottish Ministerial Code.”

SNP inquiry convener Linda Fabiani wrote to Angus Robertson and said MSPs wanted to know:

“Whether, in your capacity as leader of the SNP group in the House of Commons, you had any interactions/ communications with the First Minister, Scottish Government officials or special advisers regarding any allegations or formal complaints against Alex Salmond about sexual harassment ?”

But there was no mention in the remit of SNP meetings or involvement of Westminster based SNP MP’s. She was out of line.

How “knowledge of allegations or formal complaints about sexual harassment against the former First Minister was shared within senior figures in the party of Government to inform its consideration of the Scottish Government’s handling of complaints”.

This request had absolutely no relevance to the unsubstantiated allegations made by two civil servants which was the matter the committee were remitted to investigate and report on.

“Is there any other information relevant to the committee’s remit of considering the Scottish Government’s handling of complaints about Mr Salmond?”

Weird one this!! A judge had already ruled that the Scottish Government’s handling of complaints against Alex Salmond had been tainted with prejudice and illegal. Anything offered up to the committee by Robertson would be irrelevant.

Robertson, an ally of Sturgeon who had steamrollered him into position to stand for Holyrood in the Edinburgh Central seat the next year told the committee he did not possess any information relevant to its remit. A fitting end to the response but!!!!! he continued:

Now you ask there was an incident: “In 2009 I was called by an Edinburgh Airport manager about Alex Salmond’s perceived ‘inappropriateness’ towards female staff at the airport. I was asked if I could informally broach the subject with Mr Salmond to make him aware of this perception. “I raised the matter directly with Mr Salmond, who denied he had acted inappropriately in any way. I communicated back to the Edinburgh Airport manager that a conversation had happened. The matter was resolved, and without a formal complaint having been made, it was not reported further.” A dart laden with poison!!!

Agent P🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🇬🇧 on Twitter: "Hilarious. Angus Robertson  complaining about sleaze. The man who was going to use taxpayers' money to  promote his own book, until he was caught out. No self awareness

20th Sep 2020: Angus Robertson slated for saying elderly deaths are a ‘gain’ for independence

Robertson said: “55,000 predominantly No supporting voters [were] passing away every year” ad when combined with more “Yes” supporting young people reaching voting age, that had produced a “gain of over 100,000 for independence” since the referendum of 2014. Critics said the comments were “disgraceful” given the recent loss of thousands of old people from coronavirus and the emergence of a potentially lethal winter surge. In response, Robertson called the criticism “politically motivated” and “manufactured outrage”.

Angus Robertson for Edinburgh Central - Accueil | Facebook

26 Sep 2021: Robertson told to get on with the day job

Mike Russell, SNP President attacked Angus Robertson, Cabinet Secretary for the Constitution, External Affairs and Culture MSP for failing to concentrate on his day job after he plugged his new book online.

The spat came after Robertson took to Twitter to promote his new book, “Vienna The International Capital”. In a now-deleted response, Russell who previously held Robertson’s Cabinet position said: “Hmm – might be a breach of MSP code too. And legitimate for people to ask what he is doing in the day job”. Records show Robertson has contributed to just four parliamentary debates since being elected in May, including his oath of affirmation. The confrontation will be uncomfortable for Sturgeon, who is already under pressure from within her party over a lack of progress on an independence referendum.

An insider said: “Robertson entered Holyrood with the trumpets sounding and was feted as possessing the personality and acumen to push Westminster for a second referendum which is why he got the job.

But he has been virtually anonymous since his appointment and a group of MSP’s and party members are irate that he appears to be concentrating his time on his latest book rather than promoting independence. It is a public spat that didn’t occur previously within the Party and is indicative of a breakdown in discipline and increasing discontent over the lack of desire to push for independence. It will also encourage members to jump ship to Alex Salmond’s Alba.

SNP president attacks Angus Robertson for plugging new book on Twitter -  Daily Record

31 Oct 2021: Angus Robertson cancels book promo at event paid for by his department

Angus Robertson, Cabinet Secretary for the Constitution, External Affairs and Culture cancelled his appearance at a literary festival funded by the Scottish government department he runs, after the press enquired about the prime speaking spot to promote his book “Vienna The International Capital”

The festival was awarded £30,000 in August from Creative Scotland a government-funded and accountable body falling under Robertson’s brief. He has now cancelled the lecture together with an advert describing the book, which costs £25 as a “beautifully written, rich and extraordinary story”.

Lib Dem culture spokesman Joe McCauley said: “At the same time as the SNP takes a scythe to cultural centres in Glasgow, the Culture Secretary is trying to plug his book at a taxpayer-funded literary event. Sadly, anyone who can’t afford the £25 recommended retail price will be out of luck because his council colleagues want to close the libraries too. Scottish arts and culture ought to be for everyone.”

Scottish Conservative Shadow ­Culture Secretary Donald Cameron added: “Angus Robertson should be focused on our recovery from the pandemic rather than promoting his own book. While everyone wishes the Borders Book Festival to be a major success, eyebrows will be raised over the fact that the Culture Secretary was given a slot at an event that was awarded a funding boost by an agency overseen by the Scottish Government just a few months ago.”

Scottish Labour culture ­spokeswoman Sarah Boyack MSP said: “It’s hard to believe patrons of the Borders Book Festival were ever banging down the door to hear from Angus about his book.”

A Creative Scotland spokeswoman admitted the festival received funding. She said: “Borders Book Festival received £30,000 National Lottery funding through Creative Scotland’s Open Fund.

Angus Robertson breaks promise to donate house sale profit to charity | UK  | News | Express.co.uk

17 Jan 2022: Angus Robertson defends the BBC stating that the Tory government’s attack is a threat to the future of essential public service broadcasting

He wrote: “Its journalists are free to hold decision-makers to account and programme-makers produce varied output which would often not be found from the commercial competition. Usually, public service broadcasters get it in the neck from people on all sides at some stage, but usually, they get the balance about right.

Just as Boris Johnson has been exposed to the last doubters as a lying, incompetent and corrupt Prime Minister, his government has launched a full-frontal funding attack on the BBC. Together with other wild and ideologically driven initiatives to distract attention from the Downing Street party scandal, his Tory praetorian guard wants to freeze and then scrap the BBC licence fee. This follows their privatisation plans for Channel 4.

UK government Culture Secretary Nadine Dorries has started speculation about freezing the licence fee, which would deprive BBC of more than £2 billion for its TV and radio stations, the BBC website, podcasts, iPlayer and apps.

We need a proper debate about public service broadcasting in Scotland, with broadcasting powers exercised by the Scottish Parliament elected by the people of Scotland. Until then, unfortunately, we will be at the mercy of Nadine Dorries, Boris Johnson and their apologists. We must change that and we will do just that.

The National on Twitter: "Today's front page: Angus Robertson demands BBC  take decisive action to fix its Scottish coverage + inspirational school  children strike over climate chaos https://t.co/WxzFrOKN03" / Twitter

Comment: Unbelievable. A senior SNP politician defending the BBC the vitriolic unionist attack dog responsible for damaging the 2014 Scottish independence campaign

Information was gathered from the Scottish press.

Angus Robertson slated for saying elderly deaths a 'gain' for independence  amid pandemic | HeraldScotland
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Scotland and Independence

This is what needs to be done by the SNP government.

The Scottish parliament should inform the Westminster government that subject to confirmation of the Scottish electorate Scotland will withdraw from the Treaty of Union of 1707 on 5 May 2022.

The electorate will be given the opportunity to vote against the measure and subject to more than 50% of the total eligible voting population voting “NO”, the Westminster government will be advised and the intended declaration of independence from the UK will be abandoned.

Eligible voters unable to attend a voting station will be able to vote through a nominated proxy. Polling Stations for “NO” voters will be open between the hours of 0700 – 2200. There will be no postal vote.

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A petition to the Heads of the Commonwealth nations seeking their support for a request from Scots to the Head of the Commonwealth, her majesty Queen Elizabeth to repeal the 1707 Treaty of Union which was imposed on Scots against their will by acts of betrayal by King William and aggression by England.

How was the United Kingdom of Great Britain formed 1707? – SidmartinBio

The British Commonwealth of nations

A petition to the heads of the Commonwealth nations seeking their support for a request from Scots to the Head of the Commonwealth, her majesty Queen Elizabeth to repeal the 1707 Treaty of Union which was imposed on Scots against their will by acts of betrayal by King William and aggression by England. In support of the petition should be noted that before the Union Scotland was a prosperous outward-looking nation with excellent trading relations with many other countries. A record of events between 1694 and 1707 has been added to the petition to aid the understanding of the request.

27 July 1694: the Bank of England is created by Royal Charter | MoneyWeek

July 1694: The Bank of England

In the 17th century, early banking business was carried out by people known as the goldsmiths who owned and lent gold and silver to wealthy people at interest rates as high as 30%.

1672: Charles II borrowed vast amounts of money from the goldsmiths enabling his extravagant lifestyle and decided that as king he need not pay it back and wrote a letter stating: “Gentlemen, I’m an honest man but unfortunately I am unable to pay my debts back on this occasion. Sorry, will see what I can do.” As a result, goldsmith businesses collapsed and confidence in the sector dissolved.

1693: England was at war yet again with France and William III who urgently needed to raise funds to finance it went to the remaining goldsmiths to see if any of them would fund him. Their refusal forced him to find new ways of raising finance.

William Paterson, an influential merchant of Scottish descent suggested that the public would be able to lend money to the government trading their cash for shares in a newly formed joint-stock company owned by the public and the government. His proposal accepted a new company was formally established by Royal Charter on 27 July 1694 and given the name “The Governor and the Company of the Bank of England”. People duly invested in it by purchasing “bank stock” and the government paid them 8% interest which was a very good deal for the government.

The charter handed over to an anonymous committee the previously Royal prerogative of minting money and enabled international banksters to secure their loans on the taxes of the country rather than on the monarch’s personal undertaking committing the people of England to the everlasting support of a newly created “National debt”.

The measure forced Westminster politicians into groups in support of ensuing arguments over what was to be done with the new financial power so as to ensure that their cronies and their policies would predominate. This was the start of the bankers highly dubious practise of fractional reserve banking whereby gold became the basis of loans. £100 of gold would be legal security for a £1k loan. At 5% interest, £100 in gold could earn £50 interest annually with little inconvenience to the lender other than maintaining a ledger. The owner of £100 worth of land would still need to toil endlessly gaining nothing. The confrontational Party system of political divide and rule was the result.

Founding of the Darien Colony | History Today

20 Jun 1695: Establishment of the Scottish East India Company and Darien

King William allowed an Act for the Establishment of a Scottish East India Company to be passed. Before that since the Union of the Crowns, all Scottish efforts to found trading companies had been wrecked on English jealousy. There had always been and to this new East India Company, there was, a rival, a pre-existing English company.

The Scottish East India Company’s aim was to sell Scottish goods in many places worldwide and to facilitate the intent plans included the establishment of a trading colony on the isthmus of Panama. The great scheme was the idea of William Paterson, a far-travelled and financially-speculative son of a Scottish farmer who was the “projector,” or one of the projectors, of the Bank of England in 1694. Paterson accepted English investors into the Scheme and they responded by taking up half of the available shares as the “Act of Patent” permitted them to do.

October 1695: In London, the opening of the books of the new company caused panic and a fall of twenty points in the shares of the English East India Company. The English subscribers of half the paid-up capital were terrorised and forced to sell out and investments in the company in Hamburg were cancelled through English pressure. Scots took up the freed shares ensuring the venture was fully subscribed. But even at this late stage, the Darien part of the scheme was a closely guarded secret. There was only a vague reference to a settlement somewhere in Africa or the Indies.

King William returned to England from Holland and found English capitalists and the English Parliament in fury since the “Act of Patent” he had awarded to the new company committed him to interpose his authority if the ships of the company were detained by foreign powers and it also gave the traders leave to take “reparation” by force from any assailants. William reportedly said that he “had been ill-served by some of my Ministers.” and that he knew nothing about any settlement in or near to the Panama Isthmus which was within the Spanish sphere of influence.

July 1697: The secret plans for Darien became public knowledge and the English Council of Trade petitioned Parliament to scupper the plans of the Scottish East India Company by seizing Golden Island and an established port on the mainland.

July 1698: The Council of the intended Scots colony was elected, bought three ships and two tenders, and despatched 1200 settlers. On October 30, in the Gulf of Darien, they found natives who spoke Spanish and learned that the nearest gold mines were in Spanish hands and that the chiefs were carrying Spanish insignia of office. By February 1699 the Scots and Spaniards were exchanging shots and a Scottish ship, cruising in search of supplies, was seized by the Spanish at Carthagena. Spain complained to William when the Scots seized a Spanish merchant ship in retaliation. The Scots were held in irons in Seville until 1700. Responding to the Spanish complaints, in compliance with orders from the English Government, to all the colonies, the English Governor of Jamaica forbade his people from providing supplies to Scots who were blockaded by a Spanish flotilla at Darien.

The history of united kingdom

August 1698: Early Warning of Westminster Treachery

Address to King William by the Scottish parliament on behalf of the Company Trading to Africa and the Indies: We, your majesty’s most loyal and faithful subjects do humbly represent to your majesty that, having considered a representation made to us by the counsel general of the company trading to Africa and the Indies, make mention of several obstructions they have met within the prosecution of their trade, particularly by means of a memorandum presented on your behalf to the senate of Hamburg by your majesty’s English diplomats with the intent of lessening the authority of the rights and privileges granted to the said company by an act of the parliament of Scotland. We do, therefore, in all humble duty, lay before your majesty the whole of Scotland’s concern in this matter. And we do most earnestly entreat, and most assuredly expect, that your majesty will, in your royal wisdom take such measures as to vindicate the undoubted rights and privileges of the said company and support the credit and interest thereof.

12 May 1699: A new expedition left Leith and on arrival at Darien found some Scots still alive and defending the port. Two ships remained at Darien and were further reinforced in February 1700, when a ship arrived with provisions and found the Spaniards assailing the settlement. The new arrivals cleared the Spaniards out of Darien in fifteen minutes and established control. A few weeks after Spain launched another attack and heavily outnumbered after an honourable resistance the settlers at Darien capitulated and departed Darien on 30 March 1700.

Founding of the Bank of England - proposed by William Paterson, the Bank of  England was formed with Sir John Houblon as its first Governor, initially  located in Mercers Hall. Date: 1694

17 January 1701: May it please the King

Scotland was full of discontent and passions raged against King William whose agent in Hamburg had prevented foreigners from investing in the Scots company. English colonists had been forbidden by Westminster from aiding the Scottish settlers. Two hundred thousand pounds, several ships, and many lives had been lost. The news of the surrender of the colonists increased the indignation. The king refused (November 1700) to gratify the Estates by regarding the Darien colony as a legal enterprise since to do so might incur war with Spain and the anger of his English subjects. And yet the colony had been legally founded in accordance with the terms of the Act of Patent. The Scottish Estates voted that Darien was a lawful colony, and (1701) in an address to the Crown demanded compensation for the nation’s financial losses. King William replied with expressions of sympathy and hopes that the two kingdoms would consider a scheme of Union and a Bill for Union brought forward by English Lords was rejected by the English Commons.

The Address: “We, your majesty’s most faithful and dutiful subjects, the noblemen, barons and burgesses of the Scottish parliament, do in all humility represent that we are of sound mind, and do and shall ever most heartily acknowledge, that God raised your majesty to be our great deliverer, by whom our religion, liberties, rights and laws were rescued and restored into the happy estate and condition within which we now enjoy them.

Not least amongst the blessings was that your majesty desired the Kingdom to introduce measures for raising and improving the trade of the nation, and you were pleased in the year 1693 to give the royal assent to an act of parliament authorizing societies and companies in general, and then by an act of parliament in the year 1695, to elect and establish “The Company of Scotland, Trading to Africa and the Indies,” And, with the powers, privileges, liberties and immunities contained in the said act, by virtue and warrant whereof letters patent were also granted for the same effect under the great seal of this your ancient kingdom.

But though the act and patent contained nothing save what is agreeable to the law of nations and to the use and custom everywhere in like cases, yet no sooner were they expedited and the founders began to act than, to the great surprise of the said company and of this whole kingdom, the kingdom of England take offence and acting against the company place upon it great and grievous hardships.

First, there was the address, made in December 1695 by both houses of the parliament in England wherein they complained to your majesty of our said act of parliament for granting to the said company the privileges and immunities therein mentioned, as likely to bring many prejudices and mischiefs to all your English subjects concerned in the trade or wealth of that nation

And at the same time the House of Commons ordered an inquiry to be made to establish who were the advisers and promoters of our said act of parliament and acting on the information so gathered did move and make several prosecutions, even against the subjects of this kingdom who did not so much as reside in England, and only were acting by virtue and warrant of our said act of parliament and your majesty’s patent, whereby our said company was also disappointed and frustrated at the loss of the subscriptions of our own countrymen and others in England to the value of about £300,000.

And further, the House of Lords, by another address to your majesty, upon the twelfth of February 1698, persisted with the opposition made against our company and their colony of Caledonia in Darien in the continent of America, on the grounds of it being prejudicial to their nation and detrimental to its trade.

They went on to use the aforementioned statement to justify certain proclamations emitted in the year 1699 by the governors of the English plantations against our said company and their colony as agreeable to the above-mentioned address of both houses of parliament, alleging that the same did proceed upon the unanimous sense of that kingdom in relation to any settlement we might make in the West Indies, and gave forth their resolution that the settlement of our colony at Darien was inconsistent with the good of the plantation trade of England.

All which being laid before us by our said company, and having fully considered the same, we have unanimously concluded and passed the resolution that the votes and proceedings of the parliament of England and their address presented to your majesty in December 1695 in relation to our act of parliament establishing our Indian and African Company, and the address of the house of lords presented to your majesty in February last, were unwarranted meddling in the affairs of Scotland and an invasion upon the sovereignty and independence of our king and parliament.

Secondly, when our company sent their deputies to the German city of Hamburg, about the month of April 1697, to establish a treaty with that city and its inhabitants establishing free commerce to join with them according to the warrant contained in our act of parliament and your majesty’s patent, these deputies were immediately upon their arrival opposed by Sir Paul Rycault, an Englishman resident in that city, and a Mr Cresset, your majesty’s English envoy at the court of Lunenburg.

Both then made several addresses to the senate of that city in prejudice of our company, and at length gave to the senate a memorial in your majesty’s name as the king of Great Britain, (1) stating that they represented your majesty, and the said (deputies endeavoured to open to England commerce and trade with the City of Hamburg by making some convention or treaty with them and had commanded the City fathers to notify the Luneburg Senate that, if they should enter into any convention with Scottish men, your subjects, who had neither credential letters, nor were otherwise authorized by your majesty, you would regard such proceedings as an affront to your royal authority and would not fail to resent it.

And then, noting that the City of Hamburg, without regard to their remonstrations did offer to make conventions or treaties with the Scottish deputation, proceeding upon the supposition that they were vested with sufficient powers, they repeated their complaint beseeching the said Luneburg Senate, in your majesty’s name, to remedy the matter since the City of Hamburg were intent on proceeding to enter into a contract with said Scotsmen were not instructed with due credentials and also expressly invading their rights and privileges.

Your majesty was graciously pleased to signify to the company, once and again by your secretaries, that you had given orders to these ministers not to make use of your majesties’ name and authority to obstruct the company in the prosecution of their trade with the inhabitants of that city, which, nevertheless, the said English ministers altogether misrepresented.

Which being also complained of to us by the company and duly considered by us, we have unanimously concluded and passed another resolution that the memorial presented in your majesty’s name as the king of Great Britain to the senate of Hamburg, upon the seventh of April 1697, by Sir Paul Rycault, then resident in that city, and Mr Cresset, your majesties’ envoy extraordinary at the Court of Lunenburg, were most unwarrantable, containing manifest falsehoods and contrary to the law of nations,(1) injurious to your majesty and an open encroachment upon the sovereignty and independence of this crown and kingdom, the occasions of great losses and disappointments to the said company and of most dangerous consequence to the trade of Scotland now and in the future.

Thirdly, your majesty’s favour of forming the company, has been very acceptable to the whole of Scotland and having the financial support of many subscribers of all degrees and from all parts, and having procured a greater advance of money for a venture then was ever made before, the council and directors of the company thought good to make some settlement for a plantation. And, having considered that by the for-said act of parliament they were limited in their planting of colony’s either to places not inhabited or to other places with the consent of the natives and inhabitants, and not possessed by any European prince or state.

And having investigated available information understood that that part of Darien in America, where they thereafter fixed, was no European possession, they set forth well equipped with ships, men and provisions, which, arriving upon that coast in November 1698, the founders of the colony did not only find the place uninhabited, but also treated and agreed with the chief men of the natives near to the place, whom they found in independent and absolute freedom, and, being very kind and friendly by them admitted, our colony took possession and settled upon the most complete right of a place, void and unoccupied and with the consent of all the neighbouring natives that could have any pretence to it, and thus the company hoped they had made a good settlement and happily prevented others having designed for the same place in such manner as might tend to the advantage of all your majesty’s dominions.

But when they believed that their matters were thus in a hopeful and prosperous condition, they were exceedingly surprised to hear that proclamations had been published by the governors of the English plantations placing an embargo on the company as enemies, debarring them from all supplies and that these proclamations had been executed against Darien with the utmost rigour, forbidding our men wood, water and anchorage, and all sorts of provisions, even for money, contrary to the very rules of common humanity: and, within some weeks after, the company was informed that their colony had deserted Darien to the great loss and regret of the whole of Scotland.

And though the Company sent out a very considerable second mission to repossess Darien, the same rigorous execution was still continued against them. Which proclamations proceeding, as we believe, and that from the very style and variations that may be observed in them, from the error of the governor’s mistaking, as it is like from some cautions given them for prevention and not from direct orders, we are persuaded were not emitted by your majesty’s warrant, besides that they were executed with an unheard of rigour.

And therefore, upon a further complaint from our company in this matter, we have most unanimously concluded and past a third resolve in these terms: that the proclamations in the English plantations in April, May, June and September 1699 against our Indian and African Company and colony in Caledonia were and are injurious and prejudicial to the rights and liberties of the company, and that the execution of these proclamations against the settlers sent out by the said company was inhumane, barbarous and contrary to the law of nations and a great occasion of the loss and ruin of our said colony and settlement of Caledonia.

And we take to our further consideration the proceedings of our company in making the said settlement and how they punctiliously observed the condition of the for the said act of parliament and patent in making their plantations in no European possession, with the greatest caution both to fix in a place void and uninhabited and also with the consent of all the neighbouring natives that could have the least shadow of pretence thereto, and that yet, on the other hand, the said planters have been treated by the Spaniards, first at Carthagena and then in the very seat of our colony and like ways in old Spain, with all insolences and hostilities, not only as enemies but as pirates.

We thought it our duty, for vindicating and securing our said company and colony from all imputation or charge that has been or may be brought against them, to pass and conclude with the same unanimity the fourth resolve: that our Indian and African Company’s colony of Caledonia in Darien in the continent of America was and is legal and rightful, and that the settlement was made conform to the act of parliament and letters patent establishing the said company, and that the company, in making and prosecuting the said settlement, acted warrantable by virtue of the said act of parliament and patent.

We, having thus found the for said invasions to be manifest encroachments upon the undoubted independence and sovereignty of this your majesty’s ancient crown and kingdom and unanimously passed the above-mentioned resolves and votes for asserting the rights and privileges of our said company, and also for asserting our company’s right to their colony of Caledonia, we have further thought good to lay the same before your majesty by this our solemn address.

And, therefore, do with all humble duty and earnestness beseech your majesty to take this whole matter to your royal consideration and to prevent all encroachments for the future that may be made, either by your English ministers abroad or any other to the prejudice of this kingdom and our said company, or any project of trade that we may lawfully design, and to assure our said company of your majesty’s royal protection in all their just rights and privileges, and to grant them your countenance and concurrence for reparation of their losses, especially those great losses and damages that they and their colony have suffered by the injuries and acts of violence of the Spaniards.

And further, we represent to your majesty that the press-ganging of our citizens by the English for their sea service is contrary to the natural right and freedom of the subjects of this kingdom, ought to be absolutely discharged.

All which we represent to your majesty with the greater confidence, as being most assured that none of your kingdoms and subjects is or can be more dutifully and zealously affected to your majesty’s royal person and government than we and the good subjects of this your ancient kingdom are, and shall ever continue to testify by laying out our selves for your majesty’s service to the utmost of our power.

Signed in presence by warrant and in name of the estates of parliament by, may it please your majesty, your majesty’s most humble, most obedient and most faithful subject and servant, Patrick, Earl of Marchmont, Lord High Chancellor to the Parliament of Scotland, 17 January 1701″

Struan Stevenson: Why the Declaration of Arbroath laid the foundation stone  for the Treaty of Union in 1707 | HeraldScotland

1701: The English Parliament, introduced the “Act of Settlement”, passing royal succession to the House of Hanover securing Protestant only succession to the throne, and strengthening the guarantees ensuring a parliamentary system of government.

1702: William III fell from his horse and broke his neck.

1702: His wife’s sister Anne, became queen and the last monarch of the House of Stuart. She had 17 children by her husband, Prince George of Denmark, none of which survived her. She was immediately popular in England stating in her first speech to the English Parliament: “As I know my heart to be entirely English, I can very sincerely assure you there is not anything you can expect or desire from me which I shall not be ready to do for the happiness and prosperity of England.”

1704: England intended to transfer royal succession to the “House of Hanover” but Scotland insisted on the successor to Queen Anne being of direct Scottish descent as contained in the Laws of Scotland, right of succession. The outcome of discussions was a predictable stalemate. The Scottish Parliament passed the “Act of Security” threatening, in the absence of an agreement to withdraw financial and military support to England, which was fighting yet another war with Spain.

1705: The Alien Act, 1705 was passed by the parliament of England, in response to the Scottish parliament Act of Security, 1704 which in turn had been enacted in response to the English Act of Settlement, 1701. The Act provided that Scottish nationals in England were to be treated as aliens (foreign nationals), and estates held by Scots would be treated as alien property, making inheritance much less certain. It also included an embargo on the import of Scottish products into England and English colonies about half of Scotland’s trade, covering goods such as linen, cattle and coal. It contained a provision that it would be suspended but only if the Scots entered into negotiations regarding a proposed union of the parliaments of Scotland and England. Combined with English financial offers to refund Scottish losses on the Darien scheme, the Act achieved its aim, leading to the Acts of Union 1707 uniting the two countries as the Kingdom of Great Britain.

1706: The vast majority of Scots considered the Alien Act and its proposals to be blackmail and worked hard to retain their independence opening up new markets, running English blockades on Scotland’s ports, reducing dependence on trade with England. But Scottish nobles landed gentry and traders, who had borne much of the financial losses attributed to the, (Darien Project) were of a different mindset and led by the Duke of Queensberry, (the most senior noble in Scotland) they established a secret dialogue with Westminster politicians providing assurance an, “Act of Union” would be agreed, subject to a suitable financial settlement. A £400,000 sweetener was passed in secret to the Duke of Queensberry for distribution to the appropriate Scottish gentry.

1706: Despite the assurances of the Duke of Queensberry that Scotland would be delivered as promised the majority of Scots were still opposed to any agreement with England and a hastily-convened meeting of senior politicians in London decided that urgent measures would need to be taken, persuading the leader of factions opposed to the Union, (Duke of Hamilton) to switch sides. The ploy was successful, The Duke, together with enough of his close friends transferred their allegiance.

1706: The English public voiced doubt that the proposed Union would bring benefits and their concerns were raised in Westminster. To reassure  England,  Robert Harley, spymaster in the Westminster Government, contracted William Defoe to write a thrice-weekly review, (for the widest possible distribution in England) aimed at persuading English opinion to support the proposed Union. The thrust of Defoe’s assertions claimed that it would end the threat from Scotland forever and gain for Westminster an “inexhaustible treasury of fighting men” and a valuable new market further increasing the power of England.

1706 In the autumn, “Spymaster Harley” ordered Defoe to Edinburgh with the mission (as a secret agent) to do everything possible to help secure acquiescence in the Treaty of Union. His first reports included vivid descriptions of violent demonstrations against the Union. Sometime after, John Clerk of Penicuik, a leading Unionist, wrote, “He was a spy among us, but not known as such, otherwise the Mob of Edinburgh would have  pulled him to pieces.”

Defoe, a Presbyterian, had been accepted as an adviser to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland and committees of the Parliament of Scotland. Harley wrote that he was, “privy to all their folly” but, “perfectly unsuspected as with corresponding with anybody in England”. He was then able to heavily influence proposals that were put to the Scottish Parliament. In manipulating Scottish opinion he used opposite arguments, to those he used in England, for example, unusually ignoring the English doctrine of the Sovereignty of Parliament, telling Scot’s that they could have complete confidence in the guarantees in the Treaty. He secretly wrote many pamphlets praising the Union which were circulated throughout Scotland.

1707: The “Act of Union” was signed off and Defoe, was financially rewarded by spymaster Harley”. But the Scottish public was infuriated by the betrayal of the Nobles and high heid yins in Parliament. The Presbyterian minister of the Trongate church in Glasgow urged his congregation, “to up and anent for the City of God”. English government troops put down rioters in Glasgow. Copies of the Treaty were destroyed at almost every Mercat cross in Scotland and Martial Law was imposed together with a dusk to dawn curfew which remained in force for months.

1723: Defoe returned to Scotland many year’s after and on viewing the abject poverty of the people admitted that the increase of trade and population in Scotland which he had predicted as a consequence of the Union, was “not the case, but rather the contrary”. 

Acts of Union 1707 - Wikiwand
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England Food Standards imposed on Scots placing their health at risk – Post Brexit – part 2

Downing Street urges people not to panic buy and insists supplies WILL  still be imported | Daily Mail Online

European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 – loss of control of Scottish food standards – Post Brexit

The UK Government decided that all powers currently exercised at the EU level would transfer from Brussels to Westminster and included control over fields of competence presently devolved to Scotland such as the environment, agriculture and fisheries. This prompted accusations from the Scottish government that the Bill was a “naked power grab”.

In defence of its actions, the UK Government took the view that the current responsibilities of the devolved institutions were limited anyway by EU law and there would be no reduction in the powers of the devolved bodies if those issues were currently dealt with by the EU were handled at UK level.

The Bill also enabled Westminster to alter retained EU law in future, with the law as amended remaining outside the legislative competence of the Scottish Parliament and included a number of caveats stating that decision-making powers returning from the EU would be allocated within the UK “in a way that works ensuring that no new barriers to living and doing business in the UK are created”.

The UK Government also gave notice of its intention to increase decision-making powers to devolved institutions in time, though the Bill was silent on when and how a further devolution of ‘repatriated’ powers would take place, or which powers would be repatriated but it did state that powers would not be devolved in a way that would hamper the UK’s ability to enter into trade agreements.

The foregoing legislation included modifying the aims and outputs of Food Standards (Scotland) (FSS) a non-ministerial entity that was put in place by the Scottish government in 2015 to ensure that information and advice on food safety and standards, nutrition and labelling were independent, consistent, evidence-based and consumer-focused.

With its primary concern being consumer protection the agency was further tasked with making sure that food was safe to eat, ensuring consumers knew what they were eating and improving nutrition. With that in mind, its vision was to deliver food and drink environment in Scotland that benefitted and protected consumers. FSS did develop policies and was a trusted source of advice protecting consumers through the delivery of a robust regulatory and enforcement strategy.

The Bill amended the Scotland Act 1998 forbidding the Scottish Parliament from modifying “retained EU law”. but empowered Westminster to alter retained EU laws in future.

Essentially, the effect was to ensure that powers currently outside the competence of the Scottish Parliament because of EU law constraints would remain outside its competence.

Comment: Food import contracts post-Brexit will be compiled negotiated and agreed upon by UK government ministers. Another example of Westminster’s colonial control over Scotland.

Consumers will not sacrifice food standards after Brexit, says Tesco boss |  Financial Times
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England Food Standards imposed on Scots placing their health at risk- part 1

UK opens door to GM food imports as PM Johnson attacks 'hysterical fears'  about US food standards

The unfettered excesses of the Food Industry 

Elected in 1997 the New Labour government failed to protect the health of the population by backing away from regulating the food industry.

Baron Sainsbury was the Chairman of the supermarket chain carrying his name from 1992 to 1997. He was made a life peer in 1997, and sat in the House of Lords as a member of the Labour Party. He also served in the New Labour government as the Minister for Science and Innovation between1998 and 2006 and gifted  the Labour Party £15M.

Campaigners hail victory on post-Brexit food standards | Financial Times

2000: Creation of the Food Standards Agency (FSA) a non-ministerial government department 

A collapse in public trust triggered by a number of high-profile outbreaks and deaths from food borne illness including the BSE crisis led to the perception that civil servants within the then Ministry of Agriculture Food and Fisheries placed the interests of food producers ahead of those of consumers. It was also felt that it was inappropriate – and dangerous – to have one government department responsible for both the health of the farming and food processing industries and also food safety. Hence the introduction of the FSA.

UK ministers gain power to allow lower-standard food imports | Meat  industry | The Guardian

2006: Food manufacturers force government to back down on salt levels in food

The New Labour government abandoned a solem promise to the nation to force food manufacturers to cut salt levels in food. The plan was to reduce personal daily intake by 10gm to 6gm over the period ending in 2010. But responding to pressure from the food manufacturing industry the daily target was revised upwards by the government to 8gm, where it remained at March 2015. According to health experts, an extra 126,000 UK citizens died in the period 2006-2015 as a direct result of the revised policy.

Unsurprisingly the Food & Drink Federation representing Sainsbury’s and other supermarkets greatly welcomed the relaxed targets. Companies such as, Somerfield, Safeway, Waitrose and Tesco also donated money toNew Labour.

Food Standards Agency - latest news, breaking stories and comment - The  Independent

2006: Agency credibility challenged by food manufacturers

The Agency lost it’s way being heavily criticised for expensive and questionable research and fruitless public consultation exercises projects taking on more and more staff and running head on into controversy about the health claims of organic food and the role of GM foods. But ultimately, it was the FSA’s difficult relationship with the powerful food industry which undermined its effectiveness and claims of independence, after manufacturers brought an end to its attempt to secure a universal system of “traffic light labelling” for food and drink products.

Post-Brexit deals must not compromise UK food standards, says trade body |  Brexit | The Guardian

Jul 2010: Victory for Food Manufacturers – Food Standards Agency Abolished By Tory Health Secretary

The Food Standards Agency was abolished by the Health Secretary, after the standards watchdog fought a running battle with industry and the EU over the introduction of colour-coded “traffic light” warnings for groceries, TV dinners and snacks. The move sparked accusations that the government had “caved in to big business”.

As part of the changes the FSA’s regulatory aspects including safety and hygiene were transferred to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). And its responsibilities for nutrition, diet and public health were incorporated into the Department of Health.

The Tory Health Secretary also factored the opinions of fast food companies such as McDonald’s, KFC and processed food and drink manufacturers such as PepsiCo, Kellogg’s, Unilever, Mars and Diageo into public health related bills,  on obesity, diet-related disease and alcohol. Campaign groups claimed the changes were the equivalent of handing smoking policy over to the tobacco industry.

It transpired later that until December 2009, the Health Secretary had received £134 an hour from a firm of advertisers that represented clients such as Walkers Crisps, McDonald’s, Unilever, Mars and Pizza Hut prompting Private Eye to suggest a link between these activities and the Health Secretary’s stated desire to see a more lightly regulated food industry. The same publication also suggested a similar link to a Department of Health report on red meat in which the only products listed in the report found to contain suitable amounts of red meat to merit a “Good” rating were a McDonald’s Big Mac, and a Peperami manufactured by Unilever. (Wikipedia)

Four sectors identified as vulnerable to food crime in Scotland | Food  Safety News

9 Apr 2014: Salt levels in many foods unnecessarily high

Many grocery items such as sandwiches, smoked fish and ready meals were found to contain at least a third of an adult’s daily allowance of salt.

A study of 50 products from major supermarkets also found that other items such as soups, meat, salads and snacks contained more than a quarter of the six grams of salt, the Government’s recommended daily limit.

And some supermarket pizzas contained almost half the daily allowance of salt recommended for adults while snacks contained almost a third.

Experts said that the salt levels in many of the foods were unnecessarily high and called for manufacturers to urgently reduce the amounts to help save lives. They warned that there was a wealth of evidence linking high salt intake to raised blood pressure increasing the risk of heart disease and strokes. But the public had been told over salting produce had been eliminated in 2006!! Sadly this was not the case. (Telegraph)

How do UK food standards differ from the rest of the world? | Analysis &  Features | The Grocer

2015: Food Standards Scotland Act 2015

Supermarket profits were under pressure and this brought with it an ever increasing need to reduce manufacturing costs, placing food standards at risk. and a number of unacceptable incidences occured such as horse meat being sold as beef and unacceptably high levels of Campylobacter in chickens.

The Scottish SNP government, was of the view that regulatorty standards introduced by the Tory government were unacceptable to Scottish consumers and, following a period of intense discussions it gained the approval of the Westminster government to set up a food standard monitoring body which would report to the Scottish parliament.

The Food (Scotland) Bill then set up a stand-alone food safety, standards and nutrition body in Scotland. The Bill received Royal Assent from Her Majesty the Queen on 13th Jan 2015 creating the Food (Scotland) Act 2015 paving the way for Food Standards Scotland to operate as a legal body.

Food Standards Scotland, a non-ministerial government department of the Scottish Government became operational from 1 April 2015. It took over all of the responsibilities of the former UK-wide organisation responsible for food safety, food standards, nutrition, food labelling and meat inspection in Scotland. (Wikipedia)

Breakfast Cereal Brands On Display At The Supermarket High-Res Stock Photo  - Getty Images

Dec 2016: UK pushes ahead with sugar tax

Excess consumption of sugar is linked to a number of health problems such as obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay and it also imposed health costs on individuals (lower life expectancy) and the rest of society (higher health care costs + lower productivity)

The proposal was that a tax on sugar would discourage consumption and raise tax revenue to fund improved health care. Yet, critics argued it would be a regressive tax taking more from those on low incomes. The Tory government delayed a decision but eventually it was forced by public pressure to act. Draft legislation was put in place introducing a tax on sugar-sweetened drinks from April 2018.

Two bands were proposed one for soft drinks with more than 5g of sugar per 100ml and a higher one for drinks with more than 8g per 100ml.

Pure fruit juices were exempt but health officials stressed that people should limit consumption of these beverages to no more than 150ml per day. Likewise, sugary milkshake and yogurt drinks were also excluded since there was concern that teenagers, particularly girls, were not getting enough calcium and taxing these drinks would be counterproductive.

It was projected that the levy would raise £520m each year and the price of a litre of fizzy drink would increase by around 20p.

A Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health representative said: “We are very pleased to see government moving forward with this draft legislation. The sugary drinks that will be affected by this tax have no nutritional benefit and often contain levels of sugar that are above a child’s daily recommended limit. These drinks are a major contributor to the high sugar intakes of children, particularly teenagers, and we are in no doubt that they are, in part, contributing to this country’s obesity crisis.”

Poorest UK families struggle to put food on the table, survey finds | Food  poverty | The Guardian

Aug 2017: Hepatitis E contaminated pork imported from Europe

Tens of thousands of Britons are being infected with a ‘potentially deadly liver virus’ in pork products, mostly imported from Europe. According to reports, the strain of hepatitis E, linked to pig farms in France, Holland, Germany and Denmark, is infecting more than 60,000 people in Britain every year. And while most cases are not serious, figures from Public Health England (PHE) show an increase in serious illnesses, from 368 in 2010 to 1,244 in 2016. Transplant patients and pregnant women are considered especially at risk.

A gastroenterologist at Exeter University said: “I call it the Brexit virus, It attacks the liver and nerves. It is particularly dangerous for people with suppressed immune systems such as those who have had organ transplants and possibly cancer. ”

The reports also quoted a study showing the virus had spread to more than 90% of British pigs. They also referred to research suggesting 10% of sausages could be affected.

In the UK, sausages with the “Red Tractor” logo are not permitted to include liver or offal, reducing the risk of contamination compared with countries where liver and blood sausages are popular.

The National Pig Association (NPA) issued a statement: “Research at Public Health England has shown that the subgroup of hepatitis E causing the majority of human infection in the UK is not the same as the subgroup found in UK pigs. The NPA agrees with the conclusion of the researchers that if people in this country have contracted hepatitis E virus from eating pork, it is likely to have come from imported pork, rather than British pork. Further research and surveillance is required to determine the true cause of the rise in hepatitis E cases in the UK. The NPA recommends that consumers follow the advice from the Food Standards Agency that pork and sausages should be cooked thoroughly until steaming hot throughout, with no pink or red in the centre, to greatly reduce the risk of infection.”

Tesco has been named as the supermarket chain which may have infected people with hepatitis E from contaminated pork. Public Health England confirmed that the UK’s biggest retailer was the supermarket identified in a study as the potential source of the virus in the UK.

Hepatitis E  is thought to have entered the country in pork imports from the Netherlands and Germany. British pigs are not infected with the G3-2 strain of the hepatitis E which is thought to be behind most infections.

FSA: Salt sales might be up, but consumption is down

Sep 2017: Chicken production packaging and distrubtion scandal

A company, 2SFG owned by food tycoon Ranjit Boparan – the largest supplier of poultry meat to United Kingdom supermarkets has been accused of altering sell by dates. United Kingdom supermarkets have been forced to launch investigations into their chicken supply chain after undercover footage emerged that allegedly showed workers at its West Bromwich site dropping chicken on the floor before returning it to the production line.

The footage also showed workers repackaging mixed meat of different ages and changing source codes on crates of meat that had been returned to the factory by supermarket distribution centres, returning chicken to the production line that had been dropped on the floor, and altering records of where and when chickens were slaughtered. It also emerged that packs of Tesco’ s “Willow Farm” fresh chicken were bulked up with unsold chicken returned by Lidl.

Food Standards Agency (England) announced it had launched an investigation into the claims, which include older birds being dumped in with fresh stock but given the same sell-by dates.

Food Fraud: Myths About 10 'Healthy Foods' Busted| Healthy Living

2 Oct 2017: Foreign sugar company sponsors Tory Party conference

The Conservative Party came under fire from angry farmers on social media after allowing a major US sugar company to sponsor its conference in Manchester. US sugar company Tate & Lyle Sugars, a major exporter to the UK, is sponsoring the conference to be held in Manchester in October 2017.  The gaffe means that the Conservatives advertised a brand which is a major competitor to British Sugar and this just days after Tory ministers high profile vist to a sugar factory to celebrate the end of EU sugar quotas.

The National Farmers’ Union even set up a sensory farm inside the conference, which included a “pledge apple tree” on which delegates were able to hang a paper apple on the prop pledging their support for British farming. The NFU President said the Conference provided the perfect opportunity to assure thousands of delegates of the unqualified support for the British farming industry by the Tory Party.

Standard for food fraud terms in Authent-Net project

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Scottish Independence from an Austrian view

Who decides the date of a Scottish independence referendum? | Financial  Times

A View From Austria – Four Lessons To Be Learned from the Scottish Referendum

Government authorities in the UK declared that the “Yes” campaign for secession had failed by a margin of approximately 55 per cent to 45 per cent. Yet, even without a majority vote for secession, the campaign for separation from the United Kingdom already provided numerous insights into the future of secession movements and those who defend the status quo.

Lesson 1: Global Elites Greatly Fear Secession and Decentralization

Global elite institutions and individuals including Goldman Sachs, Alan Greenspan, David Cameron and several major banks pulled out all the stops to sow fear about independence as much as possible. Global bankers vowed to punish Scotland, declaring they would move out of Scotland if independence were declared.

A Deutsche Bank report compared independence to the decision to return to the gold standard in the 1920s and said it might spark a rerun of the Great Depression, at least north of the border. When it comes to predictions of economic doom, it doesn’t get much more hysterical than that. Except that it does. David Cameron nearly burst into tears begging the Scots not to vote for independence.

The elite onslaught against secession employed at least two strategies. The first involved threats and “for your own good” lectures. Things will “not work out well” for Scotland in case of secession, intoned Robert Zoellick of the World Bank.

The late Senator John McCain implied that Scottish independence would be good for terrorists. The second strategy involved pleading and begging, which, of course, betrayed how truly fearful the West’s ruling class is of secession.

In addition to Cameron’s histrionics based on nostalgia and maudlin appeals to not break “this family apart,” Cameron bribed Scots with numerous promises of more money, more autonomy, and more power within the UK.

The threats that focused on the future of the Scottish monetary system are particularly telling. The very last thing that governments in London, Brussels, or Washington, DC want to see is an established Western country secede from a monetary system and join another in an orderly fashion.

Lesson 2: Secession Movements Will Demand a Vote

While the Westminster elite was desperate to see the Scotland referendum fail, few argued that the Scots had no right to vote on the matter. Some argued that all of the UK should vote on it, but most observers appeared to simply accept that the Scots were entitled to vote by themselves on Scotland’s status in the UK.

Lesson 3: Secession is a good way to bargain

Centralizers fear secession to the point where they’re willing to throw a lot of perks at the secessionists. In Scotland’s case, the promises involved a lot of additional government welfare. Threatening secession can be a useful tactic to obtain additional autonomy. Moreover, it is always helpful to force a central government to submit to a referendum on its legitimacy.

Ultimately, however, what really matters to a controlling regime is the ability to inflate the money supply and control the financial system. Politicians from the Westminster government may be willing to part with many powers, but the power to inflate and control the banks will never be given up lightly.

Lesson 4: Centralization is Unnecessary for Economic Success

As predicted by a host of observers of trends in state legitimacy, the state’s status as the central fact in the political order of the world continues to decline with smaller national groups and economic regions breaking up the old order in favour of both local autonomy and international alliances. The Scottish secession effort is one example and the short-term defeat of the referendum will do little to alter the trend.

In addition, the economic realities of the modern world with constantly moving capital and labour will continue to undermine the modern nation-state which has been largely built on the idea of economic nationalism and the myth that economic self-sufficiency can only be retained within the UK.

The proliferation of trade among nations with huge national markets, labour forces, and a willingness to trade internationally has destroyed the UK government claims that only the nation-state can provide the markets, coercive power, and international clout necessary for economic growth.

Scots see access to international markets as something that is quite attainable without the added baggage of the UK central state to which they are presently beholden. Scotland does not need England to facilitate its trade with countries worldwide.

Small nations do very well when it comes to economic performance, and smallness is hardly a liability. The assertion that bigger is better was always easily disprovable but remained popular for centuries. The success of the Scottish secessionist claims that Scotland could indeed compete internationally has shown that the continued dominance of the old myth is breaking down.

Conclusion

The drive for regional independence and autonomy will continue to grow as economies stagnate, and the promises of the centralizing elites from London, Brussels or Rome or Madrid will fall on very deaf ears.

Summarisation from an article at: https://mises.org/library/five-lessons-learned-scottish-referendum

How Scottish independence stopped being scary | openDemocracy