Lucy Frazer (1972), is a Conservative Party politician.
Born and raised in Leeds, Yorkshire. She is the descendant of Russian Jewish immigrants. (Frazer is a common Jewish surname)
Her paternal Great Grandfather was Jewish immigrant: Barnet Frazer. ( A tailor to trade, Russian born (1880-1933) settled in Leeds (married Elizabeth (1870-1925) in 1897.
Her maternal Great Grandfather was Jewish immigrant: Soloman Leviten. (Russian born (1870 – 1923) settled in Leeds (married Elizabeth Perlston (1875-1940) in 1898.
Her paternal Grandfather was Hyman Frazer (1908-1985) (mathematician, barrister and educationalist, Headmaster of Gateway College in Leicester, married in Leeds in 1933.)
Her maternal Grandmother was Yetta Leviten (1913-1995) (Last born of 8 children)
Her father, Colin Peter Frazer, was a partner in the collapsed Leeds legal firm Fox Hayes. (see below)
Lucy was educated at Leeds Girls’ High School, an independent school in Headingley, a suburb of the City of Leeds, followed by Newnham College, Cambridge, where she was President of the Cambridge Union. She worked as a barrister in commercial law specialising in major insolvency and restructuring cases, including being a member of the legal team in the Fox Hayes v. Financial Services Authority court case in 2010, and went on to become a QC in 2013 at the age of forty.
She is married to millionaire businessman, David Bernard Leigh, (Levy?) Possessing an MA in Social and Political Sciences from Cambridge University and a post-graduate legal qualification from the College of Law, London he is a Director of a number of financially successful concerns.
Lucy successfully stood (after a bit of controversy. See below) for election to Westminster in 2015 and is the current Member of Parliament (MP) for South East Cambridgeshire.
2011: Lucy Frazer’s Father Guilty of “Boiler Room” Fraud Promoting Unauthorised Financial Promotions
The Financial Services Authority (FSA) has found the Leeds-based law firm Fox Hayes partners to be personally liable for breaches of the “Conduct of Business” (COB) in relation to the approval of at least 20 financial promotions for five overseas unauthorised entities between February 2003 and June 2004. UK customers (670) purchased shares totalling approximately $20 million which are now of little or no value.
The FSA imposed a fine of £454,770 on the now defunct Fox Hayes partnership: comprising Mr John Robert Manning, Mr Stephen Maurice Coupland, Mr Ian David Coupland, Mr Philip Leigh Drazen, Mr Malcolm Richard Jones, Mr Richard Geraint Jones, Mr Colin Peter Frazer and Mr Ian Brill.
2014: Two international share swindlers are starting lengthy jail sentences after being convicted in the biggest ‘boiler room’ investment case ever brought by the Serious Fraud Office.
Australian businessman Jeffrey Revell-Reade, 49, was sentenced on Friday to eight and a half years in prison, and his British accomplice Anthony May, 58, was jailed for seven years and four months after they were found guilty at South London’s Southwark Crown Court of conspiracy to defraud. The two men controlled a string of bogus stockbroking firms based in Spain that used false claims and high-pressure phone calls to persuade more than 1,000 investors to part with about £70million for shares that proved worthless.
A third man, Robert Manning, 63, formerly senior partner in Leeds solicitors Fox Hayes, was accused of pocketing several hundred thousand pounds in return for lending his firm’s name to promotional mailshots issued by the brokers and collecting payments from investors, but the jury cleared him on a charge of corruption.
Daniel Gooding, 39, of Brentwood, Essex, was sentenced to seven years after the court heard he was the manager who ran the telemarketing sales teams in Spain. Shaun Rumsey, 33 of Basildon, Essex, Philip Morris, 38, of Biddenden, Kent, and Jon Emery, 36, of Romford, Essex, were each jailed for five years.
Ian Hughes, 34, of Hainault, Essex, was sentenced to four years. Gooding’s sister Emma Farmer, 41, was jailed for three years. Her mother, Michelle Coleman, 62, was given a 21-month sentence, suspended for two years, after she admitted laundering £252,425, of which she kept £158,000.
The Serious Fraud Office investigation – codenamed Operation Steamroller – lasted seven years and involved enquiries in the US, Hong Kong and New Zealand. Revell-Reade was extradited from Australia in 2012, and May was arrested in Spain several months later.
Revell-Reade is believed to have made about £37million from the frauds. He bought three apartments in Marbella, Spain, and a £5million luxury home in Wimbledon, South-West London, as well as hiring private jets and spending £13,000 on Rolex and Cartier watches.
July 2003: Tresaderns & Partners, based in Madrid, was linked to an earlier boiler room scam, and Spanish company records showed it was posing as a credit checking business, not a stockbroker. The information was made known to solicitors Fox Hayes, together with the warning that it was putting its own reputation on the line in fronting for crooks. What was not known at the time was that, unknown to his partners, the law firm’s boss Mr John Robert Manning had done a secret deal with Revell-Reade that earned him 4 per cent of all the cash raised from victims.
In 2004, I investigated Atlantic Wine Agencies, an Australian vineyard company whose shares were marketed by Tresaderns and by the fully licensed – but disreputable – London broker Pacific Continental Securities. I named Revell-Reade as one of those behind the scam.
Much later, the Financial Services Authority found evidence that he virtually controlled the London firm behind the scenes. It was heavily fined and went bust in 2007. The fraud charges against the share crooks also involved two other offshore brokers, Price Stone and Anderson McCormack.
Evidence was given that Revell-Reade had held meetings with Fox Hayes to discuss how to respond to MoS revelations. And when too many awkward questions were raised, one firm would disappear and a new name would take over. I warned against the two new boiler rooms in 2006 and named Daniel Gooding as a main player.
But just as interesting as those in the dock are the names that cropped up in evidence but faced no charges. One man deeply involved in dealing with Fox Hayes was David Rycott. More than 20 years ago, he ran a rip-off commodity investment firm in London called DPR Futures. He was cleared of fraud charges at the Old Bailey and went on to run an unlicensed foreign exchange dealership before leaving the country.
Another was London lawyer Andrew Greystoke. He threatened to sue me when I reported in 2009 that his firm Atlantic Law had been fined for its links to Anderson McCormack and three other boiler rooms.
The case against Revell-Reade, May and their sales manager, Gooding, revolved around three scams, but there were more: Hoffman Philips, City Allied, Eagle Star International and others. They even took over a Berlin broking firm, Atlantic Capital, that was shut down after it was raided by police in 2007.
David Bernard Leigh
David Bernard Leigh (Levy) and Borderless Higher Education
Over the next decade it is anticipated upwards of 10 million students will be seeking university placements outside the country of their birth so that they will be able to gain enabling qualifications assuring a successful career in an ever increasing international market. The uncompetitive UK higher education system is not yet fully adjusted to the new reality.
Government and University authorities have been slow in recognising that the number of international students coming to Europe, embracing for-profit institutions is increasing steadily and a smaller number of UK based students are expressing interest in completing their first year of study enrolling with a for-profits institution (with lower fees than public funded universities.)
The progression of borderless education has introduced to the UK, the for profit, “Pathway Centre” meeting demands of an ever increasing number of international students. The emergence of these for-profit universities in England did attract comment in the national media, but the rapid growth of private study centres offering international students pre-degree “pathway” courses into higher education has remained below the radar. Yet thousands of international students now study at these for profit centres which offer courses linked to a guaranteed place on a degree course at a partner university.
The global leader the “Study Group” has, as it’s Chief Executive Officer (CEO) David Bernard Leigh (Levy?) The Group operates its own colleges, preparing students for international academic success in collaboration with leading universities across the UK, Europe, North America and Australasia providing on and off-campus education through International Study Centres (ISCs). It’s global recruitment teams enrolled over 73,000 students from 145 countries in 2015.
And a number of UK universities have embraced the Pathway concept including, the “Northern Consortium” institution, (comprising the universities of Bradford, Huddersfield, Leeds, Leeds Metropolitan, Liverpool, Liverpool John Moores, Manchester, Manchester Metropolitan, Salford, Sheffield and Sheffield Hallam.)
Wife: Lucy Frazer MP, got herself elected onto the House of Commons, Education Select Committee. Hows that for blatant nepotism?
David Bernard Leigh also retains directorships with:
*The Hall School Charitable Trust. A fee paying private school for boys.
* The London Carlbach Shul Trust. Objectives: Advancement of the orthodox Jewish religion by the establishment continuance and support of an orthodox Jewish synagogue.
* International Entertainment Holdings Limited. Worlds largest performing arts group, operating theatres, producing, theatrical productions. Greg Dykes Chairman. Value £600million.
* EDU-UK Bondco PlC. Holding company and 3 subsidiaries.
More details at: https://beta.companieshouse.gov.uk/officers/1-n1EQvhyu0ogjPPac3l3Z3p3S0/appointments
21 January 2014: Resignations follow Cambridgeshire Tory vote ‘shambles’
Members of the Conservative Party in Cambridgeshire have resigned over concerns about the selection of a general election candidate. Lucy Frazer had been selected by David Cameron to stand for selection in a primary for the safe seat of South East Cambridgeshire. The local party looked at the election again after allegations votes had been miscounted, but chose not to rerun it. The votes actually put another candidate in the lead.
At an emergency meeting of the local Conservative Party a majority of members voted to keep her as the candidate. Peter Johnson, Conservative councillor (who later resigned) said “If there is any doubt with an election, you should rerun it. We have become a laughing stock. We continue to compound that by trying to justify the decision. It is totally untenable. There are others I know who have resigned who are party workers. They work for the party at election time. They have gone and I don’t know how the party is going to replace them.”
2015: Lucy Frazer’s Sharon Stone Moment in the House of Commons
She flashed more than she bargained for in a short skirt at yesterday’s PMQs. She sent social media into a frenzy when she sat behind Prime Minister Theresa May and appeared to copy the seductive pose made famous in the 1990 film Basic Instinct.
2015: Lucy Frazer Praises Cromwell’s Purge of Scots after the Battle of Dunbar
In her maiden speech in the Commons at Westminster, Lucy Frazer, MP for Cambridgeshire South East, praised Oliver Cromwell, (who was born in her constituency) for his treatment of the Scots Covenanters after the “Battle of Dunbar” when he despatched over 5,000 captive soldiers into slavery. Amid much laughter on the Tory benches she went on to offer her colleagues a view that the answer to the “West Lothian Question”, might be to follow Cromwell’s lead and banish troublesome Scots to the colonies as slaves.
The speaker was invited, by public petition to rule that she should make a statement to the House apologising for the remarks which had caused great offence to Scots viewers of the Parliamentary Channel and many other UK residents He refused to intervene stating that she was free to say anything that she wished to in Parliament.
His support of Ms Frazer needs to be set against his rebuke of Scottish MP’s only a few days earlier when he told them that “clapping” was not allowed in the Commons. Clarification of the rules of the game regarding Scots. It is perfectly acceptable to propose that troublesome Scots MP’s should be clapped in irons to be sold as slaves and shipped to the colonies, but Honourable Members must not support the proposal by clapping.
Addressing the banality of her speech it might have been possible to dismiss it (and the conduct of her colleagues) had her comments been “off the cuff” but they had been carefully crafted, written and rehearsed beforehand indicating an undefined level of complicity revealing the patronising ambivalent attitude (towards Scots) of Unionist MP’s at Westminster.
That she felt able to make fun of so many young Scots, murdered and enslaved in only one of many Holocausts inflicted by the English on Scotland over many centuries is even more sickening when her own family background is revealed.
The Battle of Dunbar
Following defeat in the English Civil War, Charles I was executed in January 1649. After declaring the establishment of a Commonwealth in England Cromwell took his “New Model Army” over to Ireland and quelled any uprising in a number of victories over Irish supporters of the monarchy.
Charles II was forced to abandon his plans to use Ireland as a military base to win back the throne of England and turned his attention to Scotland, taking advantage of Scottish outrage at the presumption of the English Parliament in executing Charles I, who had been King of Scotland as well as England. Negotiations between Charles and a delegation from the Scottish government opened in the Netherlands in March 1650 which resulted in the signing of the “Treaty of Breda” in May and Charles’ arrival in Scotland in June 1650, where he was proclaimed King Charles II of Scotland
The Commonwealth Council of State in London was alarmed when the treaty was signed and resolved to mount an immediate invasion of Scotland to forestall the possibility of a Scottish attack on England and in July the English Parliament, expecting Charles to initiate a Scottish led campaign for the English crown, launched a pre-emptive invasion of Scotland.
Oliver Cromwell was appointed commander-in-chief. His battle hardened army comprised seven regiments of horse, nine of foot and six companies of dragoons, numbering around 15,000 men in total. Marching north via York, Durham and Newcastle, Cromwell mustered his forces at Berwick-on-Tweed on 19 July 1650. He crossed the border on 22 July 1650. Crucially, the army was supported by a large supply fleet, which landed at Dunbar a few days before the battle.
The Scottish Parliament belatedly became aware of English preparations for an invasion and, on 25 June 1650, ordered that a new force comprising around 10,000 foot and 3,000 horse be recruited and trained to reinforce the Army of the Covenant which numbered around 1500 foot soldiers and a small cavalry force.
Whilst his ageing father the Earl of Leven took overall command, his son, Lieutenant-General David Leslie son of the Earl of Leven undertook day to day control of the Scottish army (reporting to a Kirk commission headed by Sir Archibald Johnston.) The commissioners insisted that drill or military operations would not be carried out on the Sabbath and attempted to purge the army of all Engagers and potential Royalist supporters and, as the campaign developed, the commissioners interfered in military decisions regarding strategy and tactics.
The summer of 1650 was extremely cold and wet and the Scottish army, (largely comprised of raw recruits aged between 12-18) was still mustering when Cromwell crossed the border from Berwick on 22 July 1650.
Playing for time (to train his young soldiers) Lord Leven directed the construction of an extensive line of earthworks between Edinburgh and Leith which allowed the Scottish army to take up an impregnable defensive position. He also ordered the destruction of all crops and the removal of all livestock between Edinburgh and the border so that Cromwell’s army would have to get all its supplies from England.
The English army advanced to within a few miles of Edinburgh but Cromwell realised that the Scottish lines of defence were too strong to risk a direct assault and retreated to the port of Dunbar so that he could occupy its sheltered harbour, securing a sea-route for supplies. Then, under cover of his warships bombarding Leith, Cromwell deployed his troops in battle order in an attempt to draw the Scottish army out into the open.
The Covenanter committee were keen to attack the English force but the seasoned soldier, Lord Leven was equally determined to avoid a pitched battle with his inexperienced army and stayed stubbornly dug in behind the defences.
It rained heavily all week and Cromwell was forced to withdraw, (harassed by Scottish Lancers) first to Musselburgh then to Dunbar for shelter. His army was exhausted, many were sick from cold and flu and food rationing was severe since the supply ships had given priority to the carriage of munitions rather than food. The stand-off lasted throughout August.
The Scottish army had increased in number over the period, swelling to around 20,000 and Lieutenant-General David Leslie Sir Leslie, seized upon the opportunity to move his force around Cromwell cutting off his escape route south to Berwick. Cromwell now finally had Leslie offering battle, but his “New Model Army” was at a severe disadvantage. Cromwell was forced to meet the challenge, achieving what was arguably the most dramatic victory of the Civil Wars.
On 1 September 1650, Leslie took up a commanding position overlooking the English encampment at Dunbar. Trapped between the sea on one side, the Covenanters’ impregnable position on the other, and with the road back to England blockaded, it seemed that Cromwell had no option but to attempt to evacuate his troops by sea.
On the morning of 2 September, however, the Covenanters played into Cromwell’s hands by marching down from the commanding heights of Doon Hill. The decision to come down from the hill to attack the English army on level ground has traditionally been ascribed to the godly committee that accompanied the army, and is widely condemned as a tactical blunder.
However, the strength of the Scottish position precluded any possibility that Cromwell would attack up the steep slopes of Doon Hill. Lacking heavy artillery, the Scots could do nothing to hinder the English army. Furthermore, the bad weather was worsening and the Scottish army had no shelter from the wind and rain on the exposed hilltop.
During the morning and afternoon of 2 September, the Covenanter army moved down from the hill and drew up in an arc aligned with the course of a stream called the Broxburn, with the coast on the right flank. On the left of the Scottish position, the Broxburn passed through a deep ravine; on the right, towards the coast, the ground levelled out and the stream was crossed by the road from Dunbar to Berwick.
While the Scottish army re-deployed, Cromwell brought the English army forward from Dunbar to form a battle-line on the northern side of the Broxburn. Skirmishing broke out during the late afternoon of 2 September when an advance guard of lancers moved forward to cover the cumbersome manoeuvring as the Scots moved into their new positions.
By nightfall, the Berwick road was successfully blocked. Cromwell was left with a choice between evacuating his army by sea or forcing a way through the Scottish blockade to escape by land. However, while observing the new Scottish position, Cromwell and Lambert both identified a tactical flaw in the deployment.
The Scottish line was awkwardly positioned between the Broxburn river and the slopes of Doon Hill, leaving the centre and left flank with little room for manoeuvre.
At a council of war that night, the English officers agreed to mount an all-out assault on the Scottish right flank early the next morning, with the objective of turning the flank and disrupting the whole position by driving the Scots into the constricted centre. During the night, while the Scots rested uncomfortably in rain-soaked fields, Cromwell used the darkness and heavy rain to cover the redeployment of his army.
The battle line along the Broxburn was abandoned and the English army stacked up, one brigade behind another, across the Berwick road. Around 7,500 infantry and 3,500 cavalry were fit to fight on the morning of 3 September.
The leading vanguard comprised six cavalry regiments comprising 9,000 men and an infantry brigade of around 2,000 men. The vanguard was supported by two more infantry brigades of around 2,500 men each. Cromwell’s own regiment of horse were held in reserve, brigaded with two companies of dragoons. The remaining dragoons mounted guard along the edge of the Broxburn to cover the English artillery, which was deployed on rising ground overlooking the Scottish left wing.
The disposition of the Scottish army is not exactly known, but most of the cavalry (numbering around 2,500 troopers) were stationed on the right wing between the Berwick road and the coast, facing the 16,000 strong English vanguard. A cavalry force, numbering around 1,500 was stationed on the left wing. Between the wings of cavalry, there were five brigades of infantry numbering around 10,000.
The Battle of Dunbar began at about four o’clock on the morning of 3 September 1650, when the English vanguard, advanced in force securing the crossings of the Broxburn on the Scottish right flank. Scottish piquets were driven back but raised the alarm. An infantry brigade advanced in support the English cavalry, a fierce firefight and artillery exchange ensued. After nearly an hour, both sides stopped firing and waited for first light, which came at about 5.30 a.m.
Many of the senior Scottish officers had left their units during the night to seek shelter from the foul weather and by result the Scottish army had not fully regrouped by the time the English attack resumed at first light. The attack, spearheaded by a cavalry regiment advanced swiftly across the Broxburn and routed the first line of the Scottish Lancers on the Scottish right flank but the second line of Scottish Lancers fought back and forced the English cavalry to retreat back across the river.
Meantime an English infantry vanguard of 3,000 advanced across the Broxburn and attacked a Scottish brigade of 2,000 (made up almost entirely of raw recruits) on the extreme right of the Scottish infantry line. The Scottish line buckled but a second brigade first halted the English advance then forced it to retreat back across the river. Denied an early breakthrough Cromwell immediately ordered another infantry brigade into action in support of the retreating infantry force. The fall-back was reversed and the Scottish infantry brigades were engaged in a “push of pike” battle.
Cromwell then hit back deploying two regiments of cavalry 3,000 to attack the Scottish cavalry, (reduced through the earlier attrition to around 1,000.) The Scottish cavalry was put to flight leaving the infantry on the right flank of the Scottish army exposed. Cromwell seized the opportunity and ordered his own Regiment of Horse into battle attacking the exposed Scottish right flank
The routing of the Scottish cavalry opened the possibility of a decisive victory over the Scottish army, rather than simply breaking the blockade of the road back to England and Cromwell ordered his cavalry to attack the exposed Scottish infantry right flank. This forced the Scots infantry to fight on two fronts and pushed them into the forces to their left reducing their ability to manoeuvre effectively. After a desperate battle lasting two hours the heavily outnumbered Scots on the right flank were forced to fight a protracted withdrawal eventually conceding defeat in the village of Haddington. Scots forces on the left flank abandoned the battle and escaped to the North. Cromwell went onto ruthlessly ransack Edinburgh and other Scottish towns and cities and take control of the country south of the Highlands.
descendants of Scottish soldiers sold as slaves by Cromwell after the battle of Dunbar
The battle left nearly 5,000 Scots dead. 6,000 Scottish soldiers (aged between 13 and 25) were taken prisoner. Of these about 1,000 sick and wounded were released to go home. The remaining 5,000 battle weary Scots prisoners were forced to complete a brutal 8-day, 118 miles forced march south to the English city of Durham with virtually no rest (the first 28 mile stage to Berwick being undertaken non-stop through the night) and with no food or water, other than what could be scavenged. About 1,000 prisoners died en route to Durham from a combination of hunger, exhaustion and probably dysentery. Others were executed and some escaped.
Around 3,000 Scottish soldiers were subsequently imprisoned in Durham Cathedral and Castle, (unoccupied since worship had been suppressed by order of Cromwell). The condition the Scots were kept in were utterly appalling. Records indicate that the Scots died at an average of 30 a day between 11 September and 31 October and it seems this reached over 100 a day with virtually no food, clean water or heat and the linked spread of disease and infection. In total a further 1,700 prisoners died. Their bodies were thrown into pits dug by the prisoners in and around Durham Cathedral and castle.
Of the 5,000 men who started the march from Dunbar only 1300 were still alive less than two months later. Nine hundred were sold as slaves and transported to the New World, (mainly Virginia, Massachusetts and the Barbados colony in the Caribbean.) 500 elected to fight with the French army against the Spanish. They were still fighting seven years later.
There is no memorial to these unknown Scottish soldiers (who died horrible deaths at the hands of their English captors in Durham Cathedral or Castle.) They lie in anonymity and without Christian burial (on foreign soil in the place they were imprisoned,) far from their homes and the graves of their loved ones.
Remains of Scottish soldiers uncovered at Durham Cathedral
Skeletons of Scottish prisoners of war, from the Battle of Dunbar and subsequently murdered by Cromwell’s soldiers have been discovered in a mass grave close to Durham cathedral