Walpole’s supporters at Westminster argued that the treaty of the union “supposed and required equality of taxes between England and Scotland” and it would be unconstitutional for Scots, despite their comparative poverty, to pay a penny less than their wealthy southern neighbours. The imposition of many regressive forms of taxation resulted in a significant increase in the tax burden of Scots balanced, with a massive decrease in taxation on the English rich. Insidious forms of repression that have never been reversed.

The Rise of the Whigs and Sir Robert Walpole With German “Geordie”, preferring to remain in Germany the newly created United Kingdom was governed by proxy. The shift of power transferred from the monarch to a council of ministers comprised of Conservatives and Whigs. The Whigs proved to be the most dominant of the groups […]